If your mother suddenly stops changing her keys, or your grandfather constantly calls you with your sister's name, your mind can automatically switch to Alzheimer's disease, But are these symptoms really early signs of Alzheimer's disease, or do they appear differently in the initial stages?
In the early stages of Alzheimer's disease, people have no symptoms at all.
Alzheimer is a progressive brain disorder that occurs in stages, slowly destroying a person’s memory, cognitive functions, and, ultimately, many physical abilities. The condition occurs in five different stagesstarting with the so-called preclinical Alzheimer's disease. This is when a person does not show any signs of the condition, but their brain undergoes changes that will eventually cause symptoms.
At this time, protein deposits in the brain form abnormal clumps that interrupt the interaction of brain cells, Mayo Clinic explains. The brain also begins to create entangled bundles of fibers necessary to transport the materials necessary for proper brain function, such as nutrients. These changes mean that neurons that were previously healthy ceased to function, lost connections with other neurons and died, according to National Institute on Aging (NRA).
Many scientists still do not know about Alzheimer's disease, but it is believed that this damage to the human brain can begin 10 years or more before symptoms appear, according to Mayo Clinic,
It may seem that memory problems will be the earliest sign of Alzheimer's disease. They may be, but many people with the condition first encounter problems with other cognitive functions.
The second stage of Alzheimer's disease, but the first, where people show symptoms, is known as mild cognitive impairment caused by Alzheimer's disease, Mayo Clinic explains.
Signs of this are often problems finding the right words, questions that accurately process visual or spatial information, and impairments or judgments, Nia He speaks. However, at this stage it is also possible to have memory deficiencies and are not able to recall such things as recent chats or upcoming meetings that were made recently, Mayo Clinic He speaks.
"These [symptoms] can be easily skipped or written off ", Scott Kaiser, M.D., a family doctor and geriatrician at the Providence Center of St. John's Health Center in Santa Monica, California, reports CAMO, because at the moment they are not serious enough to influence a person’s daily life.
As the disease progresses to "mild dementia due to Alzheimer's disease," when people are usually diagnosed, the symptoms become more diverse and intense.
“We are looking for more consistent trends in terms of deterioration over a shorter period of time,” says Mr. Ian M. Grant, MD, behavioral neurologist at the Mesoulum Cognitive Neurology and Alzheimer's Disease Center at the Feinberg University School of Medicine. SELF.
For example, someone might start asking the same questions about what they recently learned, because they keep forgetting the answer, Mayo Clinic He speaks. More serious problems with problem solving and decision making can lead to more hard times with such important tasks as balancing a checkbook or using the budget. People may also feel more and more unfamiliar in their surroundings and wander around looking for a place that seems more recognizable, perhaps lost.
This is also the time when personality changes can occur, Mayo Clinic He speaks. A person with Alzheimer's disease may experience more anxiety or anger, for example.
Again, many experts still do not understand Alzheimer's, but the cause of these different symptoms depends on where the damage was done in a person’s brain, says Dr. Kaiser. For example, if someone has damage to their frontal lobe, that controls personality he says that, among other things, they may experience irritability, mood changes and difficulties regulating their behavior. Visual and spatial problems may be caused by the occurrence of the disease in occipital lobewhat is important for the treatment of vision, says Dr. Grant.
If you suspect that a loved one has early signs of Alzheimer's disease, it is important that you see a doctor as soon as possible.
Getting a check can alleviate stress and identify any non-Alzheimer problems that can cause symptoms. Perhaps the symptoms are associated with something potentially reversible. For example, in older people, an increased risk of developing a subdural hematoma, which is bleeding from the brain that can occur after a fall, Mayo Clinic He speaks.
If the symptoms are actually associated with Alzheimer's disease, then getting a proper diagnosis can help someone start treatment as quickly as possible, which is very important when it comes to this disease.
Several drugs have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treating symptoms of Alzheimer's disease, and they may even help slow the progression of the disease. Nia He speaks. The drugs work by acting on neurotransmitters, chemicals that transmit messages between neurons, and can help reduce symptoms. Nia He speaks. However, they cannot offer a cure.
There are also many active clinical trials that are conducted in search of promising treatments for Alzheimer's, Nia explains. Many of them are focused on the early stages of the disease, so this is the ideal time to begin to show interest in participating.
Finally, getting Alzheimer's diagnosis as early as possible is an entity, because it allows a person to cope with their affairs and arrange for the help they need, says Dr. Grant. This will usually help them plan how they can make the most of the time they have left. It would be hard to even think about it for a loved one, not to mention helping them do it, but it gets harder the longer you wait.