The United States called on its allies to boycott the 5G Huawei system, fearing that they might spy on the Chinese authorities.
At a press conference on January 24, the product Huawei 5G in Beijing was presented. a photo: AFP,
British Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt came to Washington last week to attend a series of meetings to answer an important question: should London risk its relationship with Beijing and agree with the request of the Trump administration to ban Huawei, the company? Leading Chinese telecommunications, construction of modern telephone and computer networks, in accordance with NYTimes,
He is not the only ally under US pressure. US officials also called on Poland to ban Huawei from building a 5G network. They argued that the prospect of deploying US troops in Poland and on its basis may influence the decision of Warsaw.
Last year, a delegation of US officials arrived in Germany, where most of the giant fiber-optic cables in Europe were connected, and where Huawei wanted to install switches. The US message is that any economic benefit from using cheap Chinese telecommunications equipment cannot compensate for the security threat to NATO.
Washington believes that the world is participating in a new "arms race" around technology instead of conventional weapons. In the era of the most powerful weapons controlled by the network, any country that dominates 5G also takes advantage of the economy, intelligence and military forces in most of this century. Therefore, the United States conducted a global campaign to prevent Huawei and Chinese companies from participating in the construction of the 5G network.
The first thing users will notice on the 5G network is high speed, the data is immediately downloaded to the phone. This is the first network created for servicing sensors, robots, self-propelled vehicles and devices that constantly provide each other with huge amounts of data. This allows factories, construction sites and even the city to function without the need for constant human intervention. It also helps promote virtual reality tools and artificial intelligence.
But what's best for consumers is also good for intelligence groups and hackers. The 5G system relies heavily on complex software levels that are more adaptable and are constantly updated, even if users don’t recognize it – just like the phone is automatically updated when it is charged overnight. This means that anyone who controls the network, controls the flow of information and can change, redirect or copy data that users do not know.
The United States has long been concerned about China’s technologies, because they believe that companies can establish a “back door” (a method of circumventing security barriers to penetrate equipment) into telecommunications and computer networks. help Chinese security services block communications for the military or government and other countries. The United States believes that Chinese hackers are committing a series of cyber attacks on government agencies and enterprises.
For several months, the White House drafted a resolution prohibiting US companies from using equipment of Chinese origin in important telecommunications networks. This decree may be announced in the next few weeks.
This problem is becoming more pressing as countries around the world begin to decide which equipment suppliers will build their 5G network.
“It is important to remember that the Chinese company's relationship with Beijing is not the same as between a private company and a government in the West,” said William R. Evanina, director of the Center for Counterintelligence and US National Security. comments. "China's 2017 National Intelligence Act requires these companies to support and cooperate with intelligence."
Founder of Huawei Nham Phi at a press conference at the company's headquarters in Shenzhen two weeks ago. a photo: SCMP,
The White House put pressure on Huawei, coinciding with the time when the Trump administration put pressure on trade with China in taxes and accused some Chinese citizens of attacking the network.
Some countries are wondering if the US campaign is really about national security, or if the true goal is to prevent China from gaining a competitive advantage.
US officials see little difference between these goals. “President Trump believes that overcoming economic problems is very important, not just correcting the economic balance, forcing China to play by the rules that everyone else obeys, but also preventing an imbalance of political and military power in the future,” said John R. Bolton, Trump's adviser on national security.
The government warns the allies that the next 6 months are very important. Countries are starting to contract billions of dollars to create basic systems for the 5G network.
Beijing sees this moment as an opportunity to unite the world, especially the countries of Europe, Asia and Africa, which are increasingly exposed to the economic power of China.
"Everything will be connected, the" central nervous system "of smart cities will become the 5G network," said Chris Lane, a telecommunications analyst in Hong Kong.
Huawei shop in Poland. a photo: NYTimes,
In fact, the problems associated with Huawei are mainly theoretical. Officials and former US officials whispered that confidential reports show Chinese spy behavior, but do not reveal any evidence.
Meanwhile, the founder of Huawei Nham Phi Africa denies the company's espionage charges in favor of China. "I love my country. I support the Chinese Communist Party. But I never do anything harmful to any other country, ”he said earlier this month.
Australia last year banned Huawei, while another Chinese manufacturer, ZTE, provided 5G devices. Other countries experiencing headaches are considering whether to follow their feet or not. If they do, they risk having problems accessing the Chinese market and not using cheap products.
Government officials in places like the UK insist that Huawei has invested heavily in old networks. They claim that Huawei will still stand, because they manage the networks of the floor of the world, and these networks are difficult to avoid by connecting with the US and allied networks.
However, the British telecommunications group BT Group, which bought the company using the Huawei device, said it plans to remove these devices. This step was taken after British intelligence warned of increased risks. Last week, Vodafone Group, based in London, said it would stop buying Huawei devices for the 5G network.
Countries pay attention to tensions around Canada last December about the daughter of the Chief Financial Officer of Huawei Manh Van Chu at the request of the United States. Washington Jan. 28 accused Huawei, its affiliates and Manh Van Chu of fraud and conspiracy in transactions with Iran that violate US sanctions against Tehran. Washington also accused Huawei of stealing robotics from T-Mobile.
After Man was arrested, China arrested two Canadian citizens and sentenced them to death for drug smuggling.
“European countries are very closely following these actions because they have to choose sides,” said Philippe Le Corre, an expert at the Carnegie Institute for International Peace. “They are stuck in the middle. All these governments must make decisions. Huawei is everywhere now. ”
This month, the Polish government conducted two top espionage arrests: former intelligence officer Peter Durbailo and Vuong Vi Tign, Huawei's business director. This is the most convincing evidence that Huawei is engaged in espionage.
Wang was charged with working for the Chinese intelligence services. Huawei quickly fired him and said that his actions have nothing to do with the company's activities. Vuong's lawyer said the client was involved in a geopolitical battle between the United States and China.
In Poland, many people whisper that countries using Chinese telecommunications networks are unsafe for the US military.
This attracted the attention of the Polish government, especially when President Andrzej Duda visited the White House last September and proposed that the United States plan to build a facility and training complex worth $ 2 billion in the country. which he called jokingly "Fort Trump".
“Managing the 5G network is a potentially dangerous tool,” said Grzegorz Malecki, former head of the Polish Intelligence Agency. "According to Poland, ensuring the presence of American troops in this country goes far beyond all other problems."