Meteoric attacks on Earth are incredibly rare. It seems to be as good as their impact on the planet can be catastrophic. For example, the Chicxulub event, which could effectively eliminate dinosaurs and lead to the age of mammals, is strongly associated with such exposure. However, it is obvious that large meteors can cause damage, even if they did not hit the Earth. Even those who remotely enter the atmosphere can destroy a large enough area. This effect is now explained by the mysterious disappearance of a whole human civilization, which, as we know, exists in the Bronze Age.
This state (rather, the city-state) was known as High El Hamman and once flourished in the area now located in the modern country of Jordan. Archaeological evidence has shown that Tall el-Hamman was once a fully established city. He also controlled the area around it, which led to a total surface area of just over 50 hectares. This space included strategic border cities (the distinctive features of the standard wealthy Bronze Age city), which were located on a ring that placed them about 3 km each from the High Al-Hamman itself. The region also included rich, fertile farmlands, fortifications, and other attributes of a city able to defend itself. They must have worked well, as archaeologists have not yet found evidence of successful military incursions into the city.
Despite all the providence and the apparent force of High El Hamman, his people and even farmland disappeared from the map without a trace or explanation.
This can be explained by a single event that took place, presumably, 3,700 years ago. Whatever happened at that time, they also supplanted a significant amount of the Dead Sea brine over the area, making it covered with heated anhydrides and thus inhabited. Indeed, in only 600-700 years, people could return to the area in any respect.
So what happened to the ancient city-state?
Event middle mountain
The answer to this question was recently revealed by a team that collaborates with several universities and institutions such as DePaul University, New Mexico State University, Northern Arizona State University, North Carolina State University, North Carolina State University, Comet Research Group and Los Angeles National Laboratories Alamos.
The group reported evidence of a meteor blast that destroyed an area of 500 square kilometers (now known as Middle Gore), which covers High El Hamman and its satellite towns. The explosion was so powerful that it destroyed all of its buildings from the clay wall, leaving only their foundations for searching archaeologists.
This explosion also had other devastating effects, such as the melting of ceramics in glass fragments, which may then have fallen on the inhabitants of the Bronze Age. These people, numbering up to 65,000 people, could also be destroyed by an explosion. The event in Middle Mountain may have ended with a colossal shock wave, which led to the cancellation of fertile soils and the penetration of saline from the Dead Sea (which was located south of High Al Hamman).
These proofs can be how one meteor destroyed the whole prosperous city.
This new study was published in Proceedings of the American School of Oriental Studies 2018 annual meeting.
The paper presents theses about the data, what is now known as the “Middle Mountain Event”, and about a project conducted by a researcher at Trinity University in the South-West region, which provides concrete evidence that High El-Hamman even existed.
This study may also report another similar event in a later story – the desolation of Tunguska. Tunguska was a region in Northern Siberia, covered by Krasnoyarsk in the modern era. In 1908 there were reports of an explosion of unprecedented magnitude. According to witnesses, the sky "split" and put fire from end to end. There was evidence of a colossal colossal fireball that could be up to 100 meters across, which destroyed millions of trees in the taiga forest of Tunguska. The area was sparsely populated, although the deer that lived there died in large numbers. The “Tungus event” was also felt in the nearest settlements (about 35 miles).
Delays in accessing the site, the absence of any visible impact zone or crater, as well as significant discussions meant that it took scientists hundreds of years to conclude what happened in Tunguska. Research theories have ranged from an extraterrestrial collision of vehicles to a black hole that somehow invaded the atmosphere throughout the region.
In the end, however, a less fantastic analysis of samples taken from Tunguska led to allegations that the meteor reacted with the atmosphere, as was the case of Tall el-Hamman. This was supported by the discovery of minerals and deposits, including Lonsdaleit (a carbon lattice shape associated with the explosion of a graphite-rich meteor), meteor nickel and tiny rocks from the body of the supposed cosmic body.
Trees exploded in the area around Tunguska after the "Events". (Source: Wikimedia Commons)
Are meteors really like that?
Events such as the Tunguska, as well as a more recent example in Chelyabinsk, can show that meteors can pose a serious threat to life on Earth. These events are now also associated with energy levels between 2.092 and 83.68 petajoules.
On the other hand, meteoritic events like these are also extremely rare: we just saw that the nearest space objects are approaching the planet – recent “close approaches” observed by NASAand then Leonid's meteor shower – were at a distance of more than 200,000 miles from the planet when they were shooting it. In the case of a meteor shower, the fragments of the comet in question burned lifelessly in the atmosphere, as did the vast majority of meteors.
Studies on events such as the Middle Mountains and the Tunguska, showed us that only meteors of considerable size (set by some scientists on the field more than a football field) are worried that life continues to exist on Earth. It is hoped that technology that detects — and perhaps even rejects — these bodies will continue to evolve in the future.
Top Image: Dead Sea in Modern Jordan. (Source: Wikimedia Commons)
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