DALLAS – The frequent use of cannabis in young people was associated with an increased risk of stroke, and it was found that people with a diagnosis of cannabis disorder are more likely to be hospitalized with arrhythmias (heart rhythm disturbances), according to two new studies presented at the conference. American Heart Association 2019 Scientific Sessions.
In the first study, researchers from George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia, studied more than 43,000 adult participants aged 18 to 24 years. Approximately 14 percent of the total number of participants reported that they used cannabis 30 days before.
Frequent cannabis users who also smoked cigarettes or e-cigarettes were three times more likely to suffer a stroke than non-consumers. Those who did not use tobacco, but reported that they use cannabis for at least 10 days a month, the likelihood of a stroke is almost two and a half times higher than those who do not.
It has also been found that cannabis users are more likely to consume alcoholic beverages, as well as consumers of cigarettes or electronic cigarettes. Perhaps this affected their risk, although the researchers took these factors into account in their analysis.
“Young cannabis users, especially those who use tobacco and have other risk factors for strokes, such as high blood pressure, need to understand that they can increase the risk of stroke at a young age,” said study lead author Tarang Pareh, MBBS, MS. health policy researcher at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia.
“Doctors should ask patients if they use cannabis and advise them about the potential risk of stroke as part of regular visits to the doctor,” he added.
Two new studies have found a link between the frequent use of cannabis and an increased risk of stroke, as well as a link between the disorder of cannabis use and an increased risk of arrhythmia. (Courtesy of the American Heart Association)
A second study examined patients who were diagnosed with a cannabis-related disorder, which was characterized by frequent compulsive marijuana use similar to alcoholism, and found that people with this disorder were 50 percent more at risk of hospitalization due to arrhythmias compared with other patients. -Users.
In particular, the study found that young African-Americans between the ages of 15 and 24 who have a disorder related to cannabis use had the highest risk of hospitalization due to arrhythmia.
However, the demographic group most likely to be diagnosed with this disorder is white men aged 45 to 54 years. Some arrhythmias may be benign, but others may be life threatening.
“The effect of cannabis use appears after 15 minutes and lasts about three hours. In lower doses, this is due to heart palpitations. At higher doses, this results in a heartbeat that is too slow, ”said Rikinkumar S. Patel, MD, MD, permanent doctor of the psychiatry department at the Griffin Memorial Hospital in Norman, Oklahoma.
“The risk of cannabis use associated with arrhythmias in young people is a serious problem, and doctors should ask patients hospitalized with arrhythmias about their use of cannabis and other substances because they can cause arrhythmia,” Patel said.
“Since medical and recreational cannabis is legalized in many states, it is important to know the difference between the dosage of therapeutic cannabis for medical purposes and the consequences of cannabis abuse. We urgently need additional research to understand these problems, ”Patel said.
In both studies, the results were merely observational and have not yet established any cause-effect relationships, but the authors of both studies say that these trends are sufficient to justify additional studies of the effects of cannabis abuse and abuse.
“As these products are increasingly used across the country, obtaining clearer and more scientifically accurate data will be important as we try to understand the overall health effects of cannabis,” said Robert Harrington, MD, president of the American Association of Cardiology and Arthur. L. Bloomfield, professor of medicine and head of the department of medicine at Stanford University at Stanford, California.
The American Association of Cardiology does not have an opinion on the legalization of marijuana, but in places where cannabis has been legalized, the Association calls for a public health infrastructure that places cannabis use in the same regulated space as tobacco, thanks to efforts such as age restrictions on procurement and comprehensive anti-smoking laws, among other measures.
This story was reported from Los Angeles.