The center also seeks to "promote the production and dissemination of scientific knowledge from the Arab world and solve it and create a knowledge center around the Arab world, which includes Western and Arab researchers." He also seeks to “provide an open space for dialogue and reflection, which can host scientific and cultural events, research centers and higher education institutions in Europe and the Arab world.
The center’s director, Salam Kwakbi, said the center’s headquarters would soon open, and Arab researchers would be able to attend and monitor their activities.
On the occasion of the opening of the Arab Center at the Conservatory of Arts and Crafts, a conference entitled “Arab-European Relations Today” was organized. It included four meetings.
After the presentation of Mr. Kawakibi, welcoming the public and speaking about the goals and aspirations of the Center, François Bourget said that the Arab Center was added to other scientific centers and shared common scientific aspirations.
Francois Burgat expressed satisfaction with this adventure, because he has long been working and running French centers in the Arab world. “I continue my scientific journey, participating in the efforts of the Arab world to encourage rational knowledge of all life-related bets. Political and cultural relations between our two regions. ”
|Arab Center 3 / Politics / New Arab|
In this context, Tarek Miteri, a Lebanese thinker with many political responsibilities, spoke about the historical moment of important moments in the history of Arab-European relations to this day, noting the position of France, who tried to draw their European colleagues into a more balanced relationship with the Arab world. The United States is definitely up to Israel.
Europe and the Arab Spring
The first session was devoted to “Europe and the democratic transition in the Arab world”. Portuguese researcher Alvaro de Vasconcelos spoke about “Euro-Mediterranean relations in light of the crisis of democracies.” He saw the emergence of extreme chauvinism and right-wing tendencies as a threat to this cooperation because of its position and proximity to American views.
"The experience of Brazil, which was a symbol of promising democracy, and the new president-elect Polsonaro declared war on minorities and homosexuals and promised to transfer his embassy to Jerusalem." However, he said, hope remained in connection with the mobility of women and minorities, as well as civil society, "who will build a progressive alternative."
The Portuguese researcher criticized the contradiction of the European position of the Tunisian and Egyptian experiences. While the Europeans supported the Tunisian revolution, they supported Sisi in Egypt
A Portuguese researcher criticized Europe’s position on the Tunisian and Egyptian experiences. While the Europeans supported the Tunisian revolution and considered the Renaissance party as part of the process of revolution, they supported Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in Egypt.
“The results of the European Union’s position on Euro-Mediterranean relations,” said Guillaume Clause, founder of Europe-Nova and head of Civico Europe, said that the European Union had experienced five force stations. First, the failure of the 2005 referendum, Europe two years later, after it was a dream and model in the Arab world, as well as in Russia and China. The second is a series of economic crises between 2007 and 2014, weakening European solidarity, Russia's exploitation of US elections to invade Georgia and then Ukraine, and, fourthly, migration crises, whether due to climate or asylum, and Finally, BRIKST, Once in a state of contraction after it was in a stretched state, this has a negative effect and feeds populism.
It is likely that the European Union after the departure of the real foreign policy of Great Britain. He then called for a real budget for building scientific and academic partnerships and cooperation between Europe and the Arab world.
Researcher Ahmed Hussein spoke about the “European Union and the Arab region: security versus democracy” and put forward two hypotheses: first, the EU makes a distinction between strengthening security interests inside and outside its borders and transferring political and social norms beyond its borders. The second assumption is that security considerations, that is, the promotion of democracy and the promotion of human rights in European partnership projects in the Arab region, are security considerations. Supporting political reforms that lead to democratic transitions, the realization of human rights and the promotion of regional cooperation are instruments for strengthening internal stability. European Union, he said.
The researcher concluded that the spread of democracy in the Arab region always requires first of all security considerations, not political and “supporting political reforms for a democratic transition, are instruments to ensure stability on the borders of the European Union” and “security must remain before democracy”, according to According to his estimates.
“Do Arabs want democracy?” Asked Mohammed al-Masri in his report. Before answering, supported by surveys of the Arab index, saying that indicators speak positively and stem from the knowledge of an Arab citizen that democracy better protects its interests or expresses its views.
According to the Arab index, the policies of Russia, America and Iran are very negative from the point of view of an Arab citizen.
According to the Arab index, Russian, American and Iranian policies are very negative from the point of view of an Arab citizen. Only 46 percent of Arabs expressed satisfaction with France’s policies regarding Syria, Palestine and Libya.
At the second session, the topic “The role of the European Union in the process of democratic transformation, a case study of Tunisia, Egypt and Syria” was discussed. Tunisian researcher and academician Asma Nouira contributed to the work of the European Union and the Democratic Transition in Tunisia. The European Union supports and continues to feel Tunisia as a pioneer in the Arab world. Support for Europe has been slow due to the complexity of the EU decision-making process and its policy of waiting until the vision of ousted president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali is clear. She adds that the EU does not support protests. After the success of the revolution, he helped organize elections, as well as civil society.
The EU has concluded that the EU plays an important, but not a specific, role. He called for “the need to change the paradigms governing the two banks and the right of the South to evaluate European politics.” He concluded that "the EU has the right to protect its interests, but taking into account the interests of the other side."
For his part, Egyptian politician and law professor Mohamed Mahsub spoke of the “role of the European Union in the Egyptian democratic transition” and began with three Western restrictions. The various Egyptian regimes from the nineteenth century are subject to them not the economic independence of Egypt, nor the army. His strong authority and, finally, the lack of democracy. And he gave some evidence of its effectiveness, such as the current Libyan crisis, where the Sisi system plays only a minor role “role of service” compared to the important roles of France and Italy.
While appreciating the positive attitude of Europeans towards the Tunisian revolution, he referred to his aversion to the Egyptian revolution and the isolated government of President Mohamed Morsi. Negative was the refusal of Westerners and the International Monetary Fund to provide a loan of 4.5 billion dollars to the government of Morsi, and then to provide 12 billion dollars to Sisi.
But the mediator announced his confidence in European public opinion, which understood the Egyptian revolution, and saw the restoration of the French revolution in Tahrir Square. Then he explained the failure of the revolution of 2011 in the West, which penetrated into the Egyptian army and the elites.
In the article “The European Union in Syria, between diplomacy and punishment,” researcher Manon-Nur Tannus reviewed a number of EU sanctions against figures close to the Syrian regime and many organizations. She believed that the Europeans have an important piece of paper in Syria, especially after Putin asked them to take part in the reconstruction of Syria, which the Europeans associate with the beginning of a genuine democratic transition.
Economy and Migration
At the third session, “Issues of economics, development and migration,” Jean-Francois Daguzane, academician and director of the Mashraq Maghrib magazine, spoke about “economic relations between Europe and Arab countries: paradoxes and contradictions.” Having discussed the aspects of dependence between the EU and the Arab world, He advocated "the idea of interdependent interdependence, that is, interrelated ties, as well as confronting disparities that lead to violence not only between states, but also within states." He repeated the "lack of Arab politics in Europe."
For his part, researcher Eunice Balafalla in a document titled “The Progressive Status of Morocco-EU: Results, Prospects and Prospects for Development” emphasized that the “democratic transition” that the West sometimes expresses to Arab countries remains in Morocco. rent and corruption in a country where large deals are conducted between groups close to the Authority. He said that some important achievements, such as the fast train between Tangier and Casablanca, were not necessary, as there were more urgent priorities, and the regime did it to satisfy France angrily when he chose to buy American military planes at Rafale. He also believed that before the opening of large French schools in Morocco, not for inclusion in Europe, but make Morocco a mirror of the French model.
Despite Morocco’s status as an advanced friend of the European Union, and although it maintains good relations with these historical friends, the Moroccan king opened to Russia and China, which he visited seven times and opened to Africa.
In the end, the researcher asked why there is no cooperation between the Arab countries of the Maghreb in front of the door of the European Union.
Researcher Jihad Yaji in his article: “What is the role for Europe in restoring Syria?” About the high cost of this process, which varies from 200 to 400 billion euros. He talked about giving the Iranians 50,000 barrels of oil per day for the regime to help pay salaries to their employees and add to the debts of Iranians to Syria who are trying to stop the United States.
Syrian regime does not have a strategy for reconstruction, and Western countries will not participate because they lost the war
Yaji said that the Syrian regime has no strategy for reconstruction, and that Western countries will not participate because they lost the war, while Russia and Iran won. The researcher proposed to continue to provide humanitarian support to the Syrian people, rather than engage in financial regime, as well as selected local authorities and agents of the regime, which is led by former field commanders. He called for investments in the agricultural sector in order to stabilize the population in their districts, as well as finance infrastructure such as electricity and water. He also reported on his proposal to the European Union to rebuild Syrian cities, such as Daria and Al-Qazer, subject to the return and return of their migrants.
Finally, he asked: “Why is the West not playing on paper reconstruction in Syria, in its favor, until the Russians go bankrupt, and the Iranians almost collapsed?
Finally, he took the floor in a document entitled “The Demographics of Arab Migration (France and Europe)”. He refuted many misconceptions about Arab integration. He showed that the Arabs were more open than the Turks, and were more educated than the Turks and the Portuguese. It is also interesting to note that these Arab immigrants were able to change their minds in their countries of origin. For example, they promoted women's access to additional rights in the Moroccan family code and convinced many of their citizens to reduce their offspring. Taught their compatriots.
Europe and the Palestinian cause
The fourth and final session on the topic “Europe and the Palestinian Question” identified the intervention of the researcher Bishara Khadr in the document “Europe and the Palestinian Question (1948–2018): Historical Responsibility and Diplomatic Inconsistency”. He referred to the duties of Western countries in what happened in Palestine, Balfour and the Holocaust, where the Palestinians paid a price for the fact that Jews suffered in Europe, then a separation law that led to the disappearance of the Palestinians, then the Germans provide financial assistance to Israel in 50 years of the last century, and then helping France Israel to make a nuclear bomb, and other states politically and diplomatically IALA in international forums.
According to the researcher, the responsibility of Western supporters for Israel’s support is very high, which concluded that “Europe floats in general incompatibility when in 2012 it was necessary to vote for the recognition of a Palestinian state that divided Europe”, believing that “Palestine is a test of absence harmony in European positions ",
He then turned to the words of Dominic Vidal in the article "Alliances that Israel linked to populist forces and the far right: a new obstacle to peace." He criticized the right of Israeli law to strengthen its relations with political parties and systems in Eastern Europe, some of which do not hide their hostile policies or policies. Semitic.
The researcher points out that this is not limited to the present, but Jewish organizations have already dealt with the Nazis and Mousselini. He also noted that many right-wing and populist European parties see Islamic extremism and Islam in general as a danger more than hostility towards Jews. He added that Israel had opened various right parties, with the exception of the French National Rally, despite the visit of one of its leaders to Israel.
“The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has become a colonial struggle,” said Jean-Paul Chagnolo in his document on the various stages of the Israeli occupation of Palestinian territories to this day. "Many Palestinians believe that the decision of the two states is no longer realistic, and the decision is one state that reinforces the idea of creating a colonial state based on discrimination, and, of course, not a democratic state, and here we are in great contradiction, as well as the inhabitants of Jerusalem and the citizens of Israel From the Palestinians, and this will be a state of discrimination, and it will have a name, although it will be a criminal, an apartheid. "
Bertrand Paddy, entitled “Towards a New Era in International Relations”, called for a new reading of the relationship between nations and forces, coalitions, cronyism, integration and weak actors such as military leaders, militias and groups, as well as globalization.
Thank you for continuing the work of the Discovery of the Arab Center in Paris at the Arab-European Relations Today conference on the Rehan News website. We want to follow our official channels through social networks to keep track of events and latest events.
A source: New arabic