The risk of viral diseases is increased, RVVZ advises how to avoid them.
In the weather that we have now – frosts change the temperature above 0 degrees Celsius, drizzling alternating snowfall or a humid and cloudy sky, not only the influenza virus reproduces quickly, but other respiratory infections and bacteria are involved in respiratory infections.
For example, syncytial viruses, chlamydia (bacteria living in human cells), mycoplasmas (a very large family of bacteria that were considered viruses or transitional forms between viruses and bacteria for their simplicity in the past), but also pneumococci bacteria that are the most common cause of serious infections, as well as deaths from infection in children in the first years of life).
“In addition to the influenza virus, syncytial virus is a very common cause of respiratory infections. Increased risk of infection from November to April. This is a threat not only for adults, but also for children, especially the youngest. This causes complications in respiratory diseases, especially when the body does not know enough to protect it. We are aware of serious cases when such a disease can end fatally. This virus spreads through a droplet infection, persists on the surface of various objects (pens in vehicles, pens, shopping baskets, etc.) And therefore people easily become infected, ”emphasizes the head of the epidemiology department of the Regional Public Health Office (RÚVZ) in Banska Bystritsa. MD. Viera Moriladhkova,
He adds that the symptoms of this infection are initially similar to a cold, after penetration of the virus into the lower respiratory tract bronchitis and pneumonia can occur. Diseases caused by the respiratory syncytial virus do not know modern drugs for the treatment of bacterial diseases. Therefore, prevention is important – frequent and thorough washing of hands, a diet high in vitamin C, more vegetables and fruits, hardening, walking, ventilation of rooms, but avoiding large crowds. However, the most effective prevention is vaccination against influenza, pneumococcus or hemophilic infections.
Common infections of the lower respiratory tract, including chlamydia and mycoplasma, are common – these diseases usually last longer than common viral diseases, but antibiotics can help with viral diseases. And chlamydia, and mycoplasma are transmitted through the drip path, and can also be transmitted sexually. There, however, they cause local genital infections in both sexes. (Chlamydia pneumoniae is an intracellular parasitic bacterium that is transmitted by droplet infection, coughing or sneezing.) Mycoplasma is a small bacterium without a cell wall, therefore its diagnosis is more complex and the treatment is specific.)
Another threat is pneumococcus, which can threaten people as primary infections, but they often also arise as complications in other acute respiratory diseases of the upper respiratory tract and can lead to serious diseases, such as pneumonia. Pneumococcal invasive diseases are a group of serious and life-threatening diseases – in addition to pneumonia, inflammation of the middle ear or inflammation of the bladder, which causes bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniaeThis type of infection is currently under the scrutiny of experts, since vaccinations against them, especially with regard to compulsory vaccination of children, are among the youngest. He was included in the National Immunization Program and included in the 2009 Vaccination Calendar. Laboratory examination of this pathogen, its strains, monitoring of antibiotic resistance of individual strains, and other important tasks are assigned to the National Pneumococcal Reference Center (NRC), which was established in Banskobobiritskom Ruvce January 1, 2011