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Will artificial intelligence steal jobs? “If what you do is very computable, it can happen” – an observer

Jim Stolze is an expert in artificial intelligence and in an interview gives hints as to whether he risks losing his job because of the robot. But it also says that it can help save lives.

Jim Stolze is an artificial intelligence (AI) specialist and for the first time in Portugal will deliver a keynote speech at two separate events: Building the Future, organized by Microsoft, and Future of Health Care, organized by SingularityU. AI is a topic that brings it, but the life of this Dutchman involves startups and unexpected problems, such as when in 2008 it was 40 days offline.

The period in which he lived began with a “crazy idea,” but then forced him to write books, give lectures and tell news. In an interview on video from the Amsterdam Science Park, where he works, Stolze says he will not accept the challenge anymore. According to him, the Internet creates happiness, as the AI ​​does, and helps save human lives. According to Stolze, technology can be viewed with optimism, but you need to think about what you are going to do with the work.

In addition to being the founder of TEDx Amsterdam, the Dutchman talks about how he had the idea to create a talent selection agency for combining companies with algorithms machine learningYes, as those who are looking for suitable actors for certain roles, but here the main characters who are hired are "non-human."

He says artificial intelligence will save lives. But wouldn't technology make people lose their jobs?
AI is the next technology, as we have seen in the past. Electricity, cars, computer, mobile phone … AI is the next step. Yes, the work will change, but I believe that unfair statistics are used. The Oxford report for 2013 states that 47% of all jobs will disappear because of robots, but the same researchers conducted the same study and fixed the number, reaching 28%. No one wrote about this. In 2018, the OECD conducted the same study, and its value was 14%.

This means that no one knows for sure. There are several definitions used for this work. There are studies that say that AI will create jobs, because it will stimulate the economy. I am not pessimistic about the fact that people may lose their jobs. However, I will say one thing: if your work consists of something that is very computable, something that you can algorithmize — something like “if you do it, then do it, then it will happen” – this is yours it happens. This is what makes you think: Can a machine do my job, or can there be more things in this job than a machine ever does? The more an employee thinks about it, the better the professional. Machines are very well versed in mathematics, but, for example, they work very poorly with people.

How does artificial intelligence save lives?
I do not think that AI will save lives, I think that doctors will save lives, and that they will save more and more, because they can use AI.

When you talk about AI, you think of the Terminator and SkyNet. How can AI help people?
It's true Most of the time you think about artificial intelligence, you think about a different concept. AI is an attempt to make cars seem smart once. This is a long-term plan. This is what we will see in the future: real intelligence in computers. However, currently used machine learningThis is a way to make cars look smarter by teaching them things. They learn because they are shown examples that we call data. The machine uses statistical methods – mathematics – to understand what is common in the data it receives. That is, look for connection points and patterns. In doing so, try to find the exact patterns to try to categorize them into categories. For this, we need data, computational power and mathematics.

“AI is an attempt to make cars look smart once”

With this data, for example, X-ray examinations can be scanned. People with certain illnesses may need an x-ray, and the doctor sees what looks wrong. Scanning this image along with the comments of a specialist, you learn to think like a doctor. Then they can simultaneously look at a thousand X-rays and say what is wrong. As a result, doctors get an extra pair of eyes for greater efficiency.

Is this technology already used in hospitals and the healthcare industry?
Yes, there is a famous case in India. Since ophthalmologists are not enough, people suffering from diabetic retinopathy may go blind if they are not seen in time. In India, 40% of people suffering from this disease are blinded because there are not enough ophthalmologists. Doctors created a database of 127,000 x-ray and retinal photographs with ophthalmologists who said: "This person needs an operation, but he does not." The algorithm was so accurate that in 95% of cases it was successful. Already with the doctor the probability is usually 91%. Currently in India, you can download a retina image and find out if it is worth the operation.

What does it do with SingularityU?
In Amsterdam, this was the first time SingularityU left the United States and was one of the founders. it analytical center in California. It was founded by Google, NASA and other innovative organizations. Technology in our future is so important that we should not just leave it for business in Silicon Valley. We need everyone in the world to think about these issues. They were looking for sites to expand, and fortunately for us, the Netherlands was chosen as the first site to expand. Now in Portugal there is also a local team, a branch. In different parts of the world we have a local Presence SingularityU.

I first went to the US executive program analytical centerIn 2015, we started by attracting more people, and I became one of the four directors of the Netherlands. In the 2/3 year was a very successful project, we are very happy.

“Technology in our future is so important that we should not leave it only to companies in Silicon Valley”

There is also a branch in Portugal. Do they work together?
This is the advantage of SingularityU. We work closely on all sites. I know Ricardo Marvana, I know teams in Milan. SingularityU is not for commercial purposes. We want to inspire, educate and enable future leaders to make the most of technology. To use it for the benefit of humanity. We share ideas and share knowledge.

10 years ago he conducted an experiment missing for one month. How did everything go?
This was in December 2008. I spent 40 days missing, No Internet. It started off as a crazy idea, and then I did it, and I did it. I wrote a book about it, I was invited to the TED conference to talk about it and to CNN … People wanted to know more about the crazy Dutchman who was missingI thought more people would want to do the same. Many were later offline. They tried, but no one passed the second week, because this is the hardest week. That's when all your friends say: "Around the world online, you need your mobile phone. “Few could experiment. I don’t know if I can do it again in 2019.

As he says in his book, in the beginning it is easy, but by the end it becomes more difficult. There is a time when you start to feel that you are losing things, and this is almost unbearable, right?
Yes, it is FOMO (fear of missing, “fear of not knowing what is happening”). Everyone shared information, things that they read on the Internet or seen in a video, but I did not know that. As if there was a party to which I was not invited. I did some research, and at the European level, it seems there is evidence that people who have access to the Internet are much happier than people who do not. For me it was revealing. I think it will be the same with AI. Many people say that it is dangerous, maybe it will hurt. But we also see many advantages, and, in the end, I think that the advantages will outweigh the disadvantages.

Is FOMO still more connected to the Internet today than in 2008?
From experience, I realized that the Internet is just fantastic, it's like a global forum. We need it. But much is never useful to anyone. After the experiment, I created some policies for myself and still use them. I do not depend on social networks or the Internet at all. I think I use it correctly.

Ten years later, does he still advocate that the Internet be a good thing after doing things like Cambridge Analytica and many others that discredit the online world?
I think so. In the end, technology is what makes things faster. Good things happen faster, but bad ones too. And now, thanks to the Internet, we live in an era of radical transparency. So everything that is there will become known over time. Whether it is a lie or a truth, we now see large institutions trying to manipulate information while using the Internet. Since we have transparency, in the end, we will always be aware of cases like Cambridge Analytica.

How did you get the idea to create an agency for the selection of AI talents?
Many companies have collected data for the past 10 years, the name given great dateThese companies have a lot of data, but little information. On the other hand, we have brilliant minds who know math, machine learning and IA, but no data. I saw companies with a lot of data on the one hand, and on the other hand, I saw talent. I wanted to bring them together, and the best way was to create an artificial intelligence agency.

“I saw companies with a lot of data on the one hand, and on the other hand, I saw talent. I wanted to join them, and, in the best possible way, I went to an artificial intelligence agency. ”

This is similar to the talent agency, for example, those that exist for actors, but for AI?
Yes, in principle. We are a non-people agency. With us you can hire algorithms. AI systems. We have no salary people.

And you are not afraid that the AI ​​will do the work that you are doing now?
[riso] I hope so.

He was the founder of TEDx Amsterdam, but left the event. Why?
I organized this event from 2009 to 2016, and then decided to devote my time to artificial intelligence. I said goodbye, and the team organized everything herself. They have already held two very good events, and I even spoke at this event in 2017. I was talking about artificial intelligence, it was like a TEDx farewell conference.

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