Sunday , January 24 2021

Malaria in the world: 5 numbers to remember

On Monday, November 19, the World Health Organization (WHO) presented its annual report on combating malaria. The number of cases is increasing, and an international organization condemns a policy that stagnates.

► Two million additional cases

In 2017, malaria reached 219 million people worldwide, which is two million more than the previous year, according to a report published on Monday, November 19 by the World Health Organization (WHO). Compared to 2010, the number of cases is declining, but in general, the trend is stagnation. “We must change coursesaid its managing director Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. We are not on track to reach two goals.: Reduce the incidence of malaria and its associated mortality by 40% compared with 2015 levels. ”

► Five countries for half the cases

This is probably the worst information in this report: only five countries account for almost half of all cases of malaria. A quarter of those infected are in Nigeria, 11% in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), 5% in Mozambique, 4% in Uganda and 4% in India. 200 million patients, or 92%, are in Africa. And these countries are those where WHO registers a significant increase, including Nigeria, Madagascar and the DRC. On the contrary, India reported three million cases.

► 16,000 deaths per year

The good news from this report is that mortality associated with malaria is falling. In 2017, 435,000 people died, which is 16,000 less than in 2016, and 172,000 less than in 2010. But then again, Africa is the heaviest object on the continent, and the situation is improving. in Asia. Most children are under 5 years old. Fact that“A child under the age of five dies every two minutes of this preventable and treatable disease is unacceptable”said tedros to adan gebreyes.

In Guinea, malaria killed more than Ebola

► $ 3.1 billion invested. USA

In 2017, the amount of funds mobilized to fight malaria was 3.1 billion dollars, or 2.7 billion euros. More than a quarter of these funds come from the affected countries themselves, although the United States is still the largest contributor of $ 1.2 billion. United States (1 billion euros). Africa consumed three-quarters of these funds. But " investment in malaria control remains inadequate "says WHO, which by 2020 wants $ 6.6 billion (5.7 billion euros) per year to roll back malaria.

► 624 million soaked mosquito nets

Between 2015 and 2017, the main preventive tool against malaria, 624 million, was developed. Insecticide-treated mosquito nets, of which 552 million were distributed as part of programs to help this disease. WHO estimates that half of the population at risk in Africa are now sleeping under a mosquito net, but this figure is slightly increasing. "At the same time, the parasite’s resistance to anti-malaria and mosquito insecticides threatens future progress."warns the organization.

The first vaccine against malaria, tested in real conditions

Audrey Dufour (with AFP)

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