Each year, 20,000 children are born prematurely in Tunisia, or about 50 children a day who are born before the end of 37 weeks of pregnancy.
Professor Zahra Benside Marrakki, head of neonatal resuscitation and neonatal resuscitation at Charles Nicole Hospital in Tunis, said that this figure is 10% of the number of births per year (more than 200 thousand).
According to her, some risk factors are responsible for prematurity in pregnant women, such as age under 18 or over 35 years, smoking, alcoholism, multiple pregnancies, history of preterm birth, stress, excessive fatigue associated with professional or family work and daily relocation .
According to Pr Marrakachi, in Tunisia and, as in most countries, prematurity becomes the main cause of death at birth. Each year, about 15 million children are born prematurely (up to 37 completed weeks of pregnancy).
This number is increasing. With nearly a million deaths per year in 2015, complications of preterm birth are the main cause of death among children under 5 years of age.