Meditation can be just as effective in treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as current therapy, according to a study in which American soldiers who received PTSD, published in Psychiatry The Lancet Friday.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurs after a traumatic event in the context of death, death threats, serious injuries or sexual abuse.
It is characterized, in particular, by repetitive and invasive memories of the event, nightmares, the avoidance of any element (place, situations) causing trauma, irritability or depression.
Post-traumatic stress disorder is often found among victims and soldier bombs (14% of American soldiers who served in Iraq or Afghanistan are victims).
Among modern methods of treatment is often used exposure therapy. This is due to the fact that a person with PTSD is gradually exposed to situations, places, images, sensations, noises, smells and memories associated with a traumatic event in order to “train” the body to stop reacting intensive way to the elements resembling injury, and , reduce dodge.
But this method is painful for PTSD victims, and 30-45% of patients drop out of treatment, the study says.
Researchers from three American universities tested the practice of meditation with the study of 203 former American soldiers with PTSD.
Soldiers, men and women, were divided into three groups:
- one is practicing meditation;
- Second exposure therapy;
- The third had a theoretical course on post-traumatic stress.
60% of former soldiers who practiced 20 minutes of meditation daily improved their symptoms significantly and most likely completed the study than the group that was exposed to the therapy.
Meditation is the concentration of the mind on an object or idea in order to achieve a state of awareness, calm and tranquility.
"Meditation can be practiced alone, almost anywhere and at any time, without the need for specialized equipment or personalized support."Said AFP Sanford Nidic, lead author of the study.
"Faced with a growing problem caused by post-traumatic stress in the United States, the United Kingdom and elsewhere in the world, alternative therapies, such as meditation, should be part of the options implemented by health authorities.– he says.
Created on November 18, 2018
Nonequilibrium meditation versus effects therapy in post-traumatic stress disorder: a randomized controlled trial – Sanford Nidich et al. – The Lancet Pyschiaty November 15, 2018 (available online)