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Scientists who died in 2018 | ELESPECTADOR.COM



During this year, important distributors and scientists died. Physicist Stephen Hawking and Nobel Prize laureate Leon Max Lederman were among the dead personalities.

Wikimedia – Creative commons

The year 2018 was unexpected for science: it brought us inspiration, surprise and, even after studying the possible editing of embryonic genes, some caution. But it also left us with notable losses. Outstanding popularizers, Nobel Prize-winning scientists, and prominent figures such as Stephen Hawking are some of the people who have died in recent months.

This is a summary of the losses that 2018 has left for us.

Stephen Hawking

Source: NASA

On March 14, the whole world and the scientific community received the news, which, as expected, had less impact: the famous and beloved physicist Stephen Hawking died at the age of 76 in his home in Cambrdzhd.

Hawking was diagnosed with motor neuron disease (associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, ALS) in 1963, when he was only 21 years old. Doctors gave him only two years of life. But Hawking had a disease that progressed more slowly than usual, and lasted more than half a century. That was enough for his illness to define him and make him a symbol.

However, it would be dishonest to remember him only because of his condition. Hawking holds a Ph.D. in applied mathematics and theoretical physics, specializing in the general theory of relativity and cosmology. In addition, he described his theory that black holes emit "Hawking radiation", wrote several popular science books, and his story inspired the film "Theory of Everything."

David Goodall

Source: AFP

May 10, it was confirmed that environmentalist David Goodall died as a result of suicide in Switzerland. A few days before the 104-year-old Australian scientist announced his desire to end his life because of euthanasia.

Goodall was an influential botanist in the early development of statistical methods in plant communities. In addition, he worked as a researcher and professor in England, Australia, Ghana and the United States. He was the chief editor of a series of books from 30 volumes of Ecosystems of the World and the author of more than 100 publications.

Leon Max Lederman

Source: Wikimedia – Creative commons

Dr. Leon Max Lederman, a university professor and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1988, died on October 3. Professor Lederman, the son of Jewish immigrants who fled from Russia and who had a modest background, was a legend in the world of particle physics and was perhaps best known for being in his book of the same name.

Charles cao

Source: Princeton University

The 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics, Charles Kuen Kao, passed away at the age of 84 on September 25 in Hong Kong. His studies of fiber optics in the 1960s revolutionized his field of research and helped lay the technical foundations for the information age.

Kao received half the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics; the other half was divided between Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith, both then belonging to Bell Laboratories. They invented a semiconductor sensor, known as a charge-coupled device, a device for digital photos and films.

Emilio Younis

Source: El Espectador

Latin America also lost one of its brightest minds. On Friday, March 23, Colombian scientist Emilio Younis, considered one of the fathers of genetics in the country, died of heart failure in Bogota. Eunice received a long list of results that allowed him to form a name in world science.

Eunice created a master's degree in genetics at U. Nacional. Also the first genetics institute at the same university. She was a pioneer in maternity research and in several areas of genetics: from human genetics and medicine to cytogenetics, forensic and molecular genetics.

Paul allen

Source: AFP

Paul Allen was not a scientist, but his contribution helped shape a society as we know it today. In addition to founding Microsoft with Bill Gates, Allen donated most of his fortune to research: he financed the Allen Brain Institute, the Allen Institute of Cellular Sciences, Allen Telescope Array, and the Allen Institute of Artificial Intelligence. He died of cancer on October 15 at the age of 65.

Koko

Source: Gorilla Foundation

The last member of this list is not scientific, finally … he is not even a man; however, his intellect made a valuable contribution to science and expanded our knowledge of animals. We talked about Koko, a gorilla who became famous for her impressive sign language skills. Koko died on June 20 when she slept.

The well-known primate, besides being the chief ambassador of its own type in danger of extinction, has become “a symbol of communication and sympathy between species,” the Gorilla Foundation said. “Coco’s ability to language and empathy opened the minds and hearts of millions of people,” he added.

*This The article was originally published in N + 1, science that adds,


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