On Thursday, the UN reported that innovation patent applications are based on artificial intelligence (AI) in recent years, they have increased exponentially, more than half of which have been registered since 2013.
According to new data from the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), this recent massive increase suggests that these technologies have taken a giant step beyond strictly theoretical coverage.
“Since 2013, there has been a big“ quantum leap ””This was announced to reporters in Geneva by the Director General of WIPO, Francis Gurry.
"Patent activity in the field of artificial intelligence is developing rapidly, which is expected to lead to the emergence of a very important number of new products, applications and methods based on AI, which will transform our daily work, and this will determine how we treat machines, in which we believe, ”he added in a statement.
Artificial intelligence is a key element of many computer products manufactured by high-tech companies and institutions in the United States, Japan and China, which includes mobile phones, wireless speakers and driverless cars. Artificial intelligence can also be used in military and medical applications, among others.
In this first report, entitled “Technological Trends”, WIPO reports that since the advent of this terminology in 1956, about 340,000 applications for patents relating to artificial intelligence (AI) have been filed, and more than half of them have been since 2013 . Also about 1.6 million articles on this topic were published.
This study is based on data for 2016, but Harry claims that there is no reason to believe that this astronomical growth has not continued in these applications since. "I doubt that it decreases"he argued.
A senior UN official emphasized that WIPO should not judge whether these new technologies are good or bad, since the role of the agency is to provide as much empirical data as possible, to provide “baseline data” for important and necessary discussions about AI and its social consequences.
“The consequences of AI for the future of human development have far-reaching consequences. “The first step in maximizing the widespread benefits of AI and at the same time solving ethical, legal, and regulatory issues is to create a common factual basis for understanding artificial intelligence,” said Harry.
Addendum: “presenting the first study of its Technology Trends series, WIPO (…) provides empirical predictions, and thus contributes to the development of a global policy on the future of AI, its management and the IP Framework, it's founded, ”adds the CEO.
According to a UN study, patent applications related to AI make up about 0.6% of allbut this percentage is expected to increase.
The same report also shows that 26 of the 30 leading patent applicants in the field of artificial intelligence are companies, the other four are universities or government research organizations.
IBM had the largest patent portfolio in artificial intelligence: 8,290 at the end of 2016, followed by Microsoft from 5,930. The following Toshiba (5223), Samsung (5.102) and Nec (4406).
As for China, he has 17 of the top 20 universities that have applied for patents in the field of AI, and 10 of the 20 scientific publications associated with it.
Among the major advances made by IA, WIPO emphasizes: “Machine learning, in particular, neural networks that revolutionized machine translation, is the main method of artificial intelligence disclosed in patents and is included in more than one third of all inventions revealed.