City MexicoIn the holiday seasons, it is increasingly possible to observe outbreaks of preventable diseases through vaccination, such as measles, mumps, chicken pox and others, and that globalization allows travel from one country to another and directly coexist between these people. h
This proximity among the population includes certain risks to the health of people around the world, which can be reduced and even eliminated if preventive measures are taken.
Chickenpox, a disease that is considered common in childhood, is caused by the varicella zoster virus and has a high infection rate, since it can be transmitted through the respiratory tract.
According to Sarbelio Moreno Espinosa, head of the Department of Infectious Diseases at the Children's Hospital of Mexico, Ministry of Health, the virus can spread to a distance of 20 meters, and another method of infection is contact with the blisters that characterize this disease.
An infectious disease specialist in children noted that symptoms can occur 7–21 days after contact with a carrier of the virus, although a person with chickenpox can transmit it within a day or two before an outbreak of rash.
Similarly, even when all the blisters are crusted, the condition can be contagious, a period that usually takes five to seven days.
According to the specialist, chicken pox is more serious when it occurs in children under one year old, adolescents, adults, pregnant women and people with diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, pathologies that cause immunocompromise, and others.
Constancy in public and crowded places increases the risk of being infected with certain vices, as there have been instances of transmission at airports, amusement parks or classrooms.
Vaccine is the best form of immunization for people of all ages, so it is important to schedule vaccinations for children, young people and the elderly; and thus prevent mass infections that threaten public health.