Extinct giant rhinoceros, described in some cases as Siberian Unicorn He lived on the planet for much longer than scientists had suggested, as evidenced by new research.
Study published Monday in the journal Ecology and evolution of nature He explained that hairy creature wandered around for a while among peoplesurviving in Eastern Europe and Western Asia before 39,000 yearsabout the same period Neanderthals and the first modern people.
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The latest results used radiocarbon dating and genetic analysis in 23 instances of rhino to reveal the life of the mysterious Elasmotherium sibiricum 3.8 tonswhich was considered extinct about 200,000 years ago.
According to the results "Siberian Unicorn", which would live in modern Russia, and its ranges of movement spread to areas of Mongolia, Northern China and Kazakhstann- was extinguished by environmental changes that influenced the type of grass and herbs that he used. This was explained by the authors of the study in Conversation,
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The researchers explained that the animal whose The horn can be up to one meter long.It was difficult for her to change herbal diet.
“Relatives (of the Siberian unicorn), such as wool rhinos, always fed on a more balanced variety of plants and were less affected by changes in their habitat,” they said.
They also explained that humans are not the cause of the extinction of this species.
“In addition, the constant limited geographical range of the Elasmotherium (probably also associated with its specialized habitat), as well as a small population and slow reproduction rate associated with its large body size, would predispose it to extinction in the face of environmental change"- added the authors.
Scientists have pointed out that the extinction of the Siberian unicorn provides useful research. "Showing limited resistance of rhinos to environmental changes",