The works are devoted to alcohol, Neanderthal art, light pollution, prehistoric migrations and brain development.
MADRID, 30 (EUROPE PRESS)
Five scientific studies with the participation of Spain make a list of 100 publications that have had the greatest impact in 2018. The ranking, which is compiled annually by Altmetric, takes into account references in the media and blogs, but also measures the distribution of articles. in scientific “articles” on social networks such as Twitter, Facebook and Google+.
The article with the most common Spanish participation in this year of 2018 was “Threshold Risk Levels for Alcohol Consumption: a pooled analysis of data from individual participants for 599,912 drinkers in 83 prospective studies”, a study supported by 17 countries that found that Although moderate alcohol consumption can reduce the risk of heart attacks, it increases other health risks. In addition, it asks authors to review global patterns of alcohol consumption.
This work was published in the prestigious journal The Lancet in April, and the Institute for Sanitary Research of Biodontics, the Carlos III Institute of Health, the Institute of Public Health of Navarre and the Institute of Bio-sanitary Research of Murcia were involved in it. The study ranks No. 15 on the list.
The second, with a Spanish subtext of greater influence of the year, was the “U-Th dating of carbonate crusts, showing the Neanderthal origin of the art of the Iberian caves”, which was released in February in Science. The article, which was also attended by representatives from Germany, Great Britain, France and Portugal, was attended by eight Spanish institutions and organizations: the Catalan Institute of Research and Advanced Studies, the Government of Extremadura, the University of Isabel I of Castilla de Burgos, the University of Alcala. University of Barcelona, University of Cadiz, Center for Prehistory and Cultural Heritage.
The study, which ranks 37th in the world list, describes that the discovery of the most ancient rock paintings in the world, found in different places throughout Spain, precedes the appearance of modern humans for more than 20,000 years. Their existence suggests that the Neanderthals who must have created them were much more culturally complex than previously thought.
The collaboration between Spain, Germany, the United States and the United Kingdom on how “the surface of the Earth, artificially lit at night, increases brightness and stretching,” is the third scientific work involving Spain with greater diffusion, and 54th in the world. It was published in the journal Scientific Achievements in November.
Using images of the Earth at night, scientists, including researchers from the Complutense University of Madrid and the Institute of Astrophysics of Andalusia, found that artificial light becomes brighter and more intense every year, and they found that the deterioration of light pollution has a harmful effect on animals and birds .
An article published in January in the journal "Science" about "The First Modern People Outside Africa", work between 9 countries, which updates the history of human migration through the discovery of part of the mouth, also "leaked" into the rating. and petrified human fingers in Israel indicate that people began to spread from Africa more than 55,000 years earlier than previously thought.
The Catalan Institute of Paleocology and Human Social Evolution, the National Center for Human Evolution, the Complutense University of Madrid, the University of Rovira and Virgili, the University of Isabel I in Castile and the University of Burgos took part on behalf of Spain. Work is the 63rd with the greatest influence internationally.
The fifth article with the Spanish researchers included in this list (87 out of 100 with the greatest distribution) appeared in the journal Nature in the March issue. In contrast to the idea that the human brain continues to evolve with age, this article (entitled “Human Neurogenesis of the Human Hippocampus Falls to Uncertain Level in Adults in Children”) suggests that the development of new nerve cells is extremely rare for adult brains.
The publication was attended by joint work of researchers from China, the United States and Spain, which was attended by the University Hospital and the Polytechnic Institute of La Fe, as well as the University of Valencia.
CLIMATE CHANGE AND FALSE NEWS
The first hundred of this year 2018 included articles on many issues, with a special focus on issues such as the terrible environmental effects of climate change, the link between mental health and physical condition, and the distribution of “fake news”.
According to a rating compiled by Altmetric each year, 10 articles with the most informative impact: “Mortality in Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria” (“New England Medical Journal”, July 2018); “Spreading true and false news online (Science, March 2018); and “Alcohol consumption and weight for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis to study the total weight of the disease in 2016” (“The Lancet”, September 2018).
Then follow the research “Trajectories of the Earth system in the anthropocene” (“PNAS”, August 2018); “The link between physical exercise and mental health of 1.2 million people in the United States from 2011 to 2015: a cross-sectional study (The Lancet Psychiatry, September 2018); “Carbohydrate Consumption and Dietary Mortality: A Prospective Cohort Study and Meta-Analysis (“ The Lancet Public Health ”, September 2018); and “Evidence that the garbage patch of the Great Pacific Ocean is rapidly accumulating in plastics (Scientific Reports, March 2018).
They close the list of chapters “Complementary Medicine, Refusal of Traditional Cancer Therapy, and Survival among Patients with Curable Cancers” (JAMA Oncology, October 2018); “Global warming is transforming coral reef communities” (“Nature, April 2018”); and “Distribution of biomass on Earth” (“PNAS”, May 2018).