Christmas is full of expectations: be happy at all costs, have fun, be calm with your family, communicate with others, wish to celebrate, give gifts … However, there are people who can not tolerate all these rituals and may experience negative emotions. According to the World Health Organization, 44% of the population suffers from anxiety, depression, or sadness at this time.
"For people suffering from these symptoms, these dates face a challenge, and the key to this is setting real-world problems and adapting to different scenarios. Thus, to help cope with the situations that cause them the most stress, it is important to understand them, be aware of their limitations and respect their rules."Says Marta Lopez, medical e-health manager at Cigna Spain.
Some disorders that may suffer or worsen with the advent of Christmas:
Christmas blues or white depressionIt is more than a disorder, it is a negative state of mind caused by a series of external stimuli, the symptoms of which are revealed through tremendous sadness, nostalgia, lack of appetite, sleep disturbances, anxiety and stress. Older people or those who mourn the death of a person close to them most often suffer from this mental imbalance.
Some tips to help deal with this: allow these people to actively participate in planned events, involve them in events of this time (choose or wrap gifts), encourage them to make a main toast, put on musical pieces that are associated with happy memories Remind them how important are they for the family …
Intrusive purchases Although this is not a problem that occurs at Christmas, these are dates when oniomania is exacerbated. Those who suffer from this cannot understand this action as a game action or as something necessary to satisfy a need, and continue to do it obsessively and for no apparent reason.
The people most affected by this addiction are young people who are at the stage of formation and development, where social acceptance and belonging to a group are especially important.
Eating disordersPeople with anorexia are especially afraid of this time of year, because holidays revolve around a table full of high-calorie foods. It is also not easy for those who suffer from bulimia or overeating syndrome, as they are more vulnerable to overeating because of the strong effects of huge amounts of food.
Social phobia For those who suffer from constant fear or disproportionate anxiety in relation to one or more social situations, Christmas and New Year become a particularly critical period. Social phobia is an anxiety disorder in which people are afraid to experience degrading situations in public or find themselves in places where they can be observed or judged.
Fear of loud noises. People suffering from ligophobia or phonophobia experience a disproportionate and irrational fear of loud sounds such as firecrackers, rockets, balloons, uncorking champagne bottles, etc. When they know that they will appear without their control and in an unexpected way. The main evidence of this disorder is a panic attack or an anxiety crisis.
How to help those who suffer from this? Experts recommend: to motivate them to know the objects that produce these loud noises, to encourage them to try to imitate the sounds that bother them when they listen to them, or to encourage them to focus on identifying noise types, duration, level of irritation, etc.
Fear of being touched. This disorder, referred to as afenfo-phosphobia, refers to a persistent, abnormal, and unjustified fear of being affected. This is a sharp exaggeration of the normal tendency to protect their own space, for fear of pollution or invasion. It is not limited to strangers, but fear can also be presented to contact with someone who is known.