terrible stat: more than three and a half million South Africans suffer from
diabetesBut it gets worse: it is estimated that five million southern
Africans have advanced diabetes (a.k.a. almost diabetes when your blood sugar is
levels are high but not high enough for full-blown diabetes) – and 90%
these people do not know that they have it.
Remind me what diabetes is again
Diabetes is not just one disease. Actually three
types of diabetes: type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. Most people with
Diabetes is type 2 – this happens when your body uses insulin poorly and
inability to maintain stable blood sugar levels on Centers for Disease Control and
Type 1 diabetes is much less common – only about 5%
with diabetes have type 1 – and this is essentially an autoimmune disease, where
the body stops making insulin at all (and as such, cannot regulate blood sugar levels).
And gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women – it usually happens.
after delivery, but it may increase your likelihood of development
type 2 diabetes later, according to the US National Diabetes Institute
and digestive and kidney disease (NIDDK).
All three types of diabetes are easily detected through the blood.
test. The test essentially checks for non-blood glucose (blood a.k.a.
sugar) is too high. But be careful: you cannot diagnose yourself – even with
Over-the-counter blood glucose meter for blood glucose meter, according to NIDDK.
Unfortunately, many people go with undiagnosed
diabetes or prediabetes because the symptoms are very subtle, says Dr. Belani
Gundan, an endocrinologist from the Boston Medical Center.
These hidden symptoms of diabetes may indicate that the time has come
head to your doctor’s office for a test.
Read more: This new study shows that diabetes is 5 separate diseases.
1. You must urinate all the time
When you have excess sugar going through your bloodstream, your
the body instinctively tries to get rid of it, says endocrinologist Dr. Mary
Vouyiouklis Kellis. "Water follows sugar, so you end up with a lot of
loss of urine, ”she explains.
If you noticed that suddenly you wrote a lot, and more often,
the real reason – especially if you wake up several times during the night to
go – it's time to talk to your doctor, she says.
2. You never stop drinking water.
With all this urine, dehydration is very real
opportunity. And, worse, "some patients who do not know that they
have thirst quenching diabetes with sugary drinks such as soda or juice, which
adds to their blood sugar, ”says Goundan. Symptoms of dehydration include
dark urine color, weight drop and heavy thirst.
Sounds familiar? Talk to your doctor about this potential symptom.
diabetes, especially if it occurs in tandem with a lot of breaks in the bathroom.
3. Your breath smells awful
Dehydration associated with diabetes contributes to dry mouth and poor
breath that can accompany him. (After all, with a dry mouth is not enough
The key says to spit to wash off the bacteria and balance the pH in the mouth.)
Moreover, undiagnosed or uncontrolled diabetes can cause
ketosis, a process in which the body uses fat, not glucose, for energy.
Ketosis produces a chemical by-product called ketones, which can
the smell of an unpleasant smell or fruit, she says – sometimes it can even smell
like acetone, since it is a type of ketone.
If you do not use the keto diet (which is designed to
you are in ketosis), it is worth talking to your doctor.
Read more: 6 ways to make diabetes much easier to manage
4. Your eyesight is becoming blurred.
Blurred vision is a common and often neglected symptom of diabetes in
women. What does diabetes have to do with your vision? Kellis explains that
liquid may form in the lens of your eye as sugar levels increase (remember: liquid
The buildup of fluid in the eyes blurs sight, causes
myopia, and sends a lot of people to the optics for new glasses or
Fortunately, controlling blood sugar can
5. Your hands and feet fall asleep a lot
Neuropathy – a condition characterized by numbness or strange
sensations such as pins and needles in arms, legs, arms and legs — occur in
more than half of people with type 2 diabetes according to 2017 Diabetes care overview.
Why so often? Diabetes reduces blood flow to the limbs
and, over time, damages your blood vessels and nerves, says Kellis.
6. Your cuts and bruises forever for treatment
Decreased sensation in the limbs makes you more prone to
injuries. "You are unlikely to notice a reduction, because you cannot feel it,
means that you are less likely to take care of this, and it will most likely get
infected, ”says Gaundan.
Then, as soon as you have a trauma, uncontrolled diabetes can
it's hard for you to heal the body. "High blood sugar provides a good environment."
for bacterial growth, ”she says. This is because diabetes is also often
in combination with high blood pressure and high cholesterol, and as a result
the accumulation of plaque can constrict blood vessels, reduce blood circulation and lead to
Diabetes can also weaken the T cells that make up your immune system.
system – protecting your body from infection. "When you have high blood sugar,
it’s like putting on your army’s army to go to the wound to heal it, ”says
7. You lose weight … but do not try.
Unexplained weight loss can occur for many reasons, and
diabetes is one of them. Gaundan explains that insulin helps your body move.
the sugar from your blood into your cells, so when you have insulin resistance,
you do not get enough energy in your cells, despite the fact that this sugar is flowing
through your body. “Since you cannot get enough energy from sugar, your
the body burns your own fat and muscle for energy, ”says Kellys. "Weight loss can
be quite significant, sometimes from 4.5 to 9 kilograms. "
As a rule, doctors recommend visiting the document if you
inadvertently lose 5 to 10 percent of your body weight over
course of six months.
Read more: Everything you really need to know about diabetes
8. You have enough sleep, but you are still so
The carbohydrates that your body breaks down into glucose are yours.
the main source of body energy. But your body cannot effectively use this source.
energy when you have diabetes, explains Gaundan. (And related to diabetes
dehydration can also lead to fatigue.)
Of course there are many other reasons you might feel.
exhausted, including diet, stress levels and how much you were
However, if you can't think of another good reason
extreme fatigue, and your low energy level is accompanied by some of these
other symptoms of diabetes are worth checking out.
9. You get an amazing amount of yeast.
High blood sugar creates an environment in the vagina that has matured
infections“Glucose is the fuel for yeast. Moreover,
more they can multiply, ”says Kellys.
If you have two to three yeast infections every few months or
If standard procedures simply do not work, it's time to see a doctor.
“As soon as blood sugar levels are monitored, the frequency drops,” says Gaundan.
10. Strange dark spots appear on your skin.
Darkening of the skin around the nape of your neck, under your
armpits or even in the groin area – an amazing and common early sign
insulin resistance, precursor of diabetes – medical name
condition acanthosis niggaz (an).
“We often see this in women with polycystic ovary syndrome
(PCOS), ”says Kellys, who notes that women with PCOS are at increased risk
insulin issues. If you notice new dark spots on the skin, they are worth
consult with your doctor.
Read more: 7 exchange of food for diabetes anyone who wants to lose weight should know
11. You feel really itchy all the time.
Those with diabetes often itch the yeast
infections (which can also occur on the skin), dry skin or poor circulation,
according to the American Diabetes Association.
If poor circulation is to blame, your feet will be the hottest spot.
On ADA, you can try to treat itching yourself, limiting
how much you bathe (especially in less humid climates) using soap with
built-in moisturizer, and do not forget to apply the lotion immediately after washing
This article was originally
Published in womenshealthmag.com
Image credit: iStock