You cough, sniff, and feel limp – but, fortunately, you are spared from the fever. Is it even a flu?
Many people sniff or cough during the cold season. But where does the flu start and the cold stops? What if I don't have a fever at all?
Do I have the flu?
Basically: one flu
is started by viruses and usually starts suddenly“Usually a person feels healthy in the morning, and in the evening the temperature suddenly rises 39 or 40 degrees,” explains infectologist Peter Walger of Berufsverband Deutscher Internisten. Many sufferers also suffer from severe headaches and body pains and chills and also to feel miserable and lethargic – and partially Weeks or even monthsOther symptoms include:
- Severe fatigue
- High temperature from 38 to 40 degrees Celsius
- Muscle aches all over
- Dry cough without mucus
- Clogged or runny nose
His advice: better keep your bed for several days immediately. In the end, the flu is no joke – and most importantly: do not forget to drink. Doctors have advised healthy people to drink an average of one and a half to two liters. However, if you are sick, they are much more. "In the case of a fever, the body can quickly lose another two liters of fluid."Walger warns," plenty of water and tea is your best bet.
This is what you do when you have the flu.
In addition, the expert advises if The pain is unbearable to resort to ibuprofen and co.But be careful: the dose makes poison. It is best to take only as much as you need. However, the infectious disease specialist advises against combination drugs: "This mixture contains important and unimportant individual active ingredients, so correct dosage is impossible."
And he doesn't really think about antibiotics either: “Antibiotics do not make sense when you have a cold or flu."They do not work against viruses." In his opinion, they only make sense if there is a bacterial infection in addition to viruses. superinfectionThis creates an additional burden on the weakened body.
Read alsoBeware of this painkiller – it can have fatal consequences for you.
Common Cold: Low Tide Fast – No Fever Threat
However, many suffer from flu and the common cold together, since Symptoms are very similarBut colds can happen up to four times a year. They are also caused by viruses – although they are different types of viruses – and there is also a runny nose, sore throat and headache.
But there is one important difference: one The cold begins very slowly and usually disappears after a few days.In addition, "although it affects the condition, you are not seriously ill," Valger said. In addition, the most important criterion is missing here: feverSpecifically, this means that anyone who has a cold, fortunately, is spared from it. However, if you already have a high temperature, it is better to quickly see a doctor. This is especially true for:
- People with cardiovascular diseases
- People with lung diseases
- People with weak immune systems
Cold remedies at Stiftung Warentest – Only one drug really helps,
Flu: the whole body hurts
Who does not belong to the risk group, but with suspected flu additionally suffers from respiratory failure, circulatory disorders or even dizzinessYou should also consult a doctor. By the way, this also applies to those who suffer from a long cold or in a few days there comes a new push. Finally, there may even be one pneumonia hide But other organs may also be affected:
- Gastrointestinal tract
Read also: What helps fast against flu symptoms?
Surprised: every fifth person infected with flu has no symptoms.
On the other hand, the 2014 Lancet Respiratory Medicine Study, which states that during a flu epidemic, every fifth person becomes infected with flu virusesBut now the hammer comes: most don't even know about it, because they has no symptomsThe team, led by Andrew Hayward from University College London, was able to prove that it was even three-quarters of those infected. Therefore, only a few "unfortunate" went to the doctor in the episode.
How long is a person actually infected with the flu? You can find out here.,
And this is right – after all, the flu is a serious disease that can even lead to complications. Therefore, it also makes sense that there is a vaccine against the "real" flu. – not for cold. The vaccine varies from year to year, depending on which influenza viruses are currently in circulation.
But who takes on the cost of flu shots is a synonym if I am insured by law? You can find out here.
You can find out all about the flu in our Great Guide to the Flu.
Rescue Peaks: these risk groups should be vaccinated against influenza