A study published Wednesday in the Journal of the American Heart Association shows that more children are likely to be born with congenital heart defects between 2025 and 2035 due to the effects of higher temperatures on their mothers due to climate change during pregnancy. . This is especially true for moms who were pregnant. through spring or summer. Climate change could result in as many as 7,000 additional cases of congenital heart disease in the United States over an 11-year period., according to the study. In the Midwest, there is likely to be the largest percentage increase, followed by the southern and northeastern regions of the United States.
Earlier research found that climate change can “stop and reverse” the progress made in human health over the last century, but research in influence that has Regarding the pregnancy, the authors said. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defects and can damage the overall health of a child and potentially affect the work or development of his body.
“The potential increase in both the number of pregnant women and the effect of heat on the mother suggests the alarming effect that climate change can have on reproductive health,” the study says.
The researchers found this out by looking at the data collected in the National Study on the Prevention of Congenital Defects, a large-scale, multifaceted population-based study that examined the risk factors for major structural birth defects. They also looked at climate data from the US government.
Based on climate predictions, the entire United States will face higher temperatures. In the states of New York, Midwest, such as Iowa, and in the southeastern states, such as Georgia and North Carolina, there is likely to be a greater increase in temperature. During the summer months, there will be more temperature fluctuations in southern states such as Texas and Arkansas, and in the west in states like California.
It is unclear what is the relationship between high temperatures and congenital heart problems. Found animal studies this heat can cause fetal cell death and adversely affect proteins that play a crucial role in the development of the fetus.
This current study is based on an earlier work that found when the temperature remains high, it can damage the chances of the mother to have a baby before the due date. Excessive heat also puts moms at risk to give birth earlier. Moms exposed to high fever are more likely to have a small or underweight baby. Early studies have shown that mothers who suffer high temperatures early in pregnancy have a much greater risk that their baby will have congenital heart problems.
“Our results highlight the alarming impact of climate change on human health and highlight the need to improve preparedness to overcome expected growth in difficult conditions that often require lifelong care and follow-up,” said research professor Dr. Shao Lin, professor at the University of Albany Public Health School . “Although this study is preliminary, it would be advisable for women to avoid extreme temperatures in the first weeks of pregnancy, similar to the advice given to people with cardiovascular and lung diseases during fever.