LOGAN – November – the month of diabetes; however, those who suffer from diabetes are aware of their life situation 12 months a year, and not just in the month of November.
Diabetes is a disease in which the body’s ability to produce or react to the hormone insulin is impaired, leading to an abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and an increased level of glucose in the blood and urine.
The Ohio State Department of Health estimates that there are more than a million people in Baquay who have diabetes and many others who may not even know they have it.
According to the Centers for Disease Control, diabetes is more common in Appalachia than the nation as a whole.
The Diabetes Institute at the Ohio State University College of Osteopathic Medicine conducted a needs study in 2016, and the results that were recently published were very important.
The evaluation showed that in Hawking, Athens, Vinton, Meigs, Perry, Morgan, Washington, and Wood-County, West Virginia, diabetes prevalence rates significantly exceeded CDC estimates, which included:
2013 CDC Rating: 14.6 percent
2016 Survey: 21.9%
2016 Survey: 19.8%
The study showed that the jump in diabetes rates is likely to be associated with higher rates of obesity, patients who do not take the disease seriously, health system failures, social factors (including income, education and food insecurity), lack of education on diabetes and lifestyle choices. (including bad eating habits and lack of exercise), according to a Ohio University needs assessment survey.
There are different types if diabetes, but the most common are Type 1 and Type 2.
Experts from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) stated that for type 1 diabetes, in most cases, "the immune system attacks and suppresses pancreatic cells that make insulin." Since insulin is no longer produced, it is necessary for persons with type 1 diabetes to take insulin every day, or they will die, as reported by the NIH.
Doctors say that type 2 diabetes is when “the body does not make enough insulin or does not use insulin properly,” which can cause “too much glucose in the blood,” according to the NIH. However, NIH health workers have said that there are ways to manage it, such as lifestyle changes – stop smoking and lose weight.
A person with diabetes will be very similar to everyone: you will see a fully functional person. What you don’t see is the insulin injections needed every day to keep this person alive, or the insulin pump they wear under their clothes.
You will see a smiling face most of the time; however, you will not see how tears shed because of the frustration of the ups and downs of sugar cane, despite attempts to keep them in the normal range.
You will often see that someone makes a disease look easy or light — what you do not see is nights when low blood sugar leads to diabetes; you will not see tiny holes at the tips of your fingers and scars from needles.
You see that someone is alive and well, that you do not see, these are all the battles and obstacles that they have overcome in order to reach this point in their lives.
A local 10-year diagnosis was diagnosed with juvenile type 1 diabetes shortly before his fifth birthday. To look at Nathan Davis, he looks like any other 10-year-old fifth grader, full of energy, very athletic, and also very knowledgeable when it comes to controlling his diabetes.
Davis's mother, Beth remembers well this day, when Nathan was first diagnosed – November 7, 2012. While in the medical field, Beth began to notice that Nathan was constantly thirsty — more than usual. This, combined with other symptoms, made her believe that something serious might be wrong.
“We checked his sugar once, and it was over 600,” she recalled. "With a strong thirst for two days it was really."
Although he doesn't have to take insulin injections daily, Nathan has a regular 24/7 companion with him – an insulin pump that helps cope with his diabetes. An insulin pump helps keep Nathan's blood glucose level within its target range.
When asked how diabetes affected his lifestyle, Nathan replied: “When I run a lot, my blood sugar level drops. Sometimes it seems to me that I will leave. This is scary.
“In the beginning, I knew little about diabetes,” said Beth. “At first it was awesome. When he was diagnosed, we spent two days in the hospital. He was enrolled in Children's, and there were classes and training for parents and family members. ”
Beth noticed that there is something to learn – control portions, carbohydrate counting, control of highs and lows.
“The first few months were very rude,” she said. “He was on shots for nine months, so he got four shots per day – at least four, and sometimes more. After nine months, we launched our first insulin pump, which helped because we needed to change this site every three days. This is very amazing, knowing that his life is in your hands. ”
While Beth, as a rule, controls the situation, she noted that Nathan can go on convulsions that are life threatening if his sugar falls. She said Logan News that Nathan experienced an attack, and it was very scary.
When Nathan sat and listened, when his mother talked about problems with diabetes, he said that if something does not change, and scientists will find a cure, he will always be diabetes.
“Type 1 diabetes is life imprisonment,” said Beth. "He will always have it, unless he says that something is changing and they find a cure."
Although he is only fifth grade, this young man is able to check the blood sugar level and change the place of his insulin pump.
Nathan said Logan Daily News, In general, in the fifth grade there are three young men who are diabetic. These are alarming words – in our small area of Ohio, in one class, three students have diabetes.
Because Nathan is so active in sports, Beth carries a lot of juice crates for games; it also carries an insulin reserve if its blood sugar level drops.
“It's anxiety, but he knows when he feels shaky and pretty much knows what to do,” she said.
“Sometimes you feel like failure. Am I hurting my child? They may have kidney failure at a younger age, they may have vision problems, and you are doing everything possible to control it, ”Beth said. “It's still in my mind — am I doing enough as a parent?” Should I give him a birthday cupcake?
As for everyday life, the first thing Nathan does after he wakes up in the morning is to check his sugar and write it in his journal. Beth makes her lunch to take to school, to make sure he has the right amount of carbohydrates every day. During the day, if he begins to feel embarrassed, he tells the school nurse, who is also well prepared for any situation that may arise.
“This is what people take for granted that we need to cope – for example, carbohydrate counting, sugar-free drinking, and the like,” Beth said. "He can eat the most, but he has to keep track of the carbohydrates."
Nathan does not allow his diabetes to interfere with his passion – the sport – he is active in basketball, baseball and bowling.
Nathan hopes that someday scientists will find a cure for diabetes, and no other children or their families will be forced to endure the pain and suffering of the disease.