After conducting epidemiological investigations into the outbreak of gastroenteritis in Maria Grande (Department of Paraná), the Ministry of Health identified the causative agent that caused cases that were more than normal. This is norovirus, which is very common among the population.
The Department of Epidemiology team at the Ministry of Health Entre Rios conducted an epidemiological investigation in Maria Grande to determine in recent weeks the cause of an outbreak of gastroenteritis, which affected almost 30 percent of the local population, according to data. estimates obtained from field studies.
After taking samples of fecal material for analysis and detection of viruses and bacteria, the result was achieved that the outbreak was caused by a virus called norovirus, which is transmitted through the use of contaminated food or water and / or contact from person to person. In addition, the study was completed with water samples. , which were analyzed by the municipality, located 64 kilometers from Paraná.
In this sense, the director of epidemiology, Diego Garcilazo, said: “The epidemiological surveillance team worked in place to determine the reason for the increased number of consultations about gastroenteritis. More than 240 studies were conducted and samples were taken for virological and bacteriological analysis. ”
“Thus, it was confirmed that the cases were caused by a virus that is responsible for 50 percent of gastroenteritis outbreaks in general,” said the professional. Norovirus infection occurs with nausea, vomiting, liquid diarrhea and abdominal pain. However, there are asymptomatic cases. In general, these infections are benign, develop favorably in two or three days, ”he said.
“During these weeks, we had a dialogue with the director of the hospital, Francisco Castaldo, in the Entreririan area, Martin Ginestar, as well as with municipal officials, to be able to cope with great demand and find out the situation. We can argue that the number of consultations has decreased significantly, ”said Garcilazo.
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR AVOID DISEASES
To avoid the spread of this type of virus in populations where outbreaks of gastroenteritis were confirmed, the Ministry of Health reminded the public of the importance of food consumption and safe water.
It is considered safe water, which due to its conditions and processing does not contain microbes or toxic substances affecting health. It can be obtained using bleach (put 2 drops for every liter of water, 3 drops for every one and a half liters and 6 drops for every three liters, leaving 30 minutes before use); or boiling water for three minutes (from the appearance of bubbles, waiting until it cools for consumption).
It should be noted that, in addition, water must be maintained after ensuring its safety. “It can be packed in clean and closed barrels, better if they are plastic and with a spout,” said Garcilazo. In addition, you must place them away from the ground and out of the reach of animals and regularly change the water. "
PREVENTION OF DEHYDRATATION
For those who have symptoms of gastroenteritis and the condition has been confirmed by a medical professional, from the health care portfolio they recalled the need to prevent dehydration.
It is important to maintain good hydration, especially in this summer season, as diarrhea and vomiting cause excessive excretion of body fluids.
In some cases, it is necessary to supplement the intake of water with salts for oral moistening. Finally, Garcilazo said: “The most vulnerable groups are small children and the elderly. In addition, breastfeeding is necessary to maintain hydration and prevent deterioration or delay of this type of table. "