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The appearance of monkeys killed by yellow fever in the state of Paraná, Brazil, is troubling the region. The report was in the municipality of Antonina, located about 700 kilometers from Puerto Iguazu. Local authorities met with neighboring countries to create a sanitary barrier based on vector control, increased vaccination and training of health workers.
For years, Brazil has been one of many countries in America with virus circulation, whose initial symptoms are similar to dengue fever, in addition to having the same vector: Aedes aegypti mosquito; what aggravates the context is the possibility of infection at the border, taking into account that the notification of the disease is spreading more and more to the south of Brazil, up to the provinces of the Argentine northeast.
In view of this situation, a meeting was held on Monday in the Brazilian city of Foz do Iguaçu, in which specialists from Argentina and Paraguay, in addition to doctors from the host country, took part. Por Misiones was the director of epidemiology, Jorge Gutierrez. The 170th regular meeting of the Itaipu Health GT Working Group was held at the Itaipu Technology Park facilities (PTI). Among the proposals of the Brazilian authorities was raised the possibility of installing a situational room in Fos, that is, a health station with three borders and control the flow of information between countries.
For its part, the Ministry of Health of Paraguay announced the resolution in an official statement: “Training and strengthening the clinical management of patients with yellow fever was another of the projects submitted by Brazil. The training will be conducted with the support of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) in order to train a technical group and then distribute it to doctors and health workers in Paraguay. ”
“Survival of the patient with yellow fever is associated with the treatment provided, so it must be quick and timely,” the Paraguayans emphasized.
This is a viral disease that can even lead to death. This is manifested with fever, chills and headaches. In addition, muscle pain, nausea and vomiting may occur. Severe forms cause hemorrhage, liver failure and multiple organ failure.
Meetings at Corrientes
The regional epidemiological context is not favorable. In mid-January, the authorities of the National Health Secretariat met with the authorities of Corrientes in connection with the outbreak in Brazil. What was disclosed at this meeting also applies to the Mission, given that both provinces are the gateway to this deadly disease.
“We are going to consider contingency plans for the possibility of an event involving yellow fever, which is a virus transmitted by mosquito bites, and in the provinces of northeastern Argentina, in Misiones and some other departments in the province of Corrientes have the potential to have the opportunity to be present either in monkeys, as in cases of detection of a virus in a person not vaccinated against yellow fever, there is a disease, ”explained the Director of Immunization, Nation Christian. Biscayra emphasizes border areas.
“What we are looking for is to prepare unforeseen circumstances in order to be able to clearly formulate surveillance of the virus in mosquitoes, primates and, ultimately, early detection of human cases of the disease,” the official added.
This Saturday is a key day in Fos
Day of vaccination against yellow fever in Foz do Iguaçu will be this Saturday. Vaccination will be carried out in all main divisions with existing premises for vaccines. On the date, children and adults can get yellow fever vaccine and update their vaccine card. Yellow fever vaccine is indicated for children from 9 months and adults up to 59 years. Only one dose guarantees immunity for life. Anyone who has already been immunized and has evidence of vaccination should not reapply. “Immunization of the population is the most effective means of preventing this disease,” warned Health Minister Katya Yumi Uchimura.
Since last year, the municipality of health has been combining a yellow fever group, which consists of authorities with a triple border.
Missions and Current increase vaccination
Between January 2017 and November 2018, six countries and territories in the Americas region reported confirmed cases of yellow fever: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana and Peru. During this period, the highest number of human cases and epizootics in the Americas over several decades has been recorded.
During the week, the Ministry of Public Health of Misiones insisted on the importance of vaccination, given that it is free and no medical order is required.
In the particular case of Posadas, the municipality set up a tent in the square on July 9 for those who need a dose every Tuesday and Thursday from 8 to 12. Diana Aguilera, who is responsible for the immunization area, said: “As for January, more than 300 doses were placed at the medical station us in the square. We also answer many questions about the myths of this vaccine. ”
On the other hand, in the municipality of Ituazingo, Corrientes, a yellow fever vaccination campaign has begun.
Juan Fernandez from Ricardo Billinghurst Hospital explained to El Territio: “This Monday we launched a campaign in the 6th regional office with police candidates, we monitored the card and set up a yellow fever vaccine.”
Fernandez said that the area is considered a high risk, so it was decided to carry out this campaign, which will last a month. “At the meeting held in Corrientes with links from the Nation, they told us that together with Santo Tome and Virasoro we are a risk zone. We informed our director, and relevant meetings were held to start this campaign, being pioneers in this area; it will be extended until February 28. "
Fernandez also explained that "the idea is to also vaccinate tourists who do not have a dose, it is important to work with them," he said.
Finally, he recommended to the entire population that “if they need to go, they first need to get a vaccine,” an infectious disease specialist from Buenos Aires told us, people think first about the trip, and then about the vaccine, and it should be the other way around especially if you go to Brazil, which is one of the most difficult areas with the disease. "
In conclusion, he explained that according to the calendar, the vaccine is used from one year and six months, then reinforcement – after 11 years, and the age limit – up to 60 years. "It is recommended to avoid vaccination, since it can have an adverse effect on children under one year old and people over 60 years old."
Yellow fever is a viral disease that is transmitted through the bites of certain types of mosquitoes and can be serious or even lead to death, as it is not treated, but it can be prevented with repellents; Long sleeves, bright colors and uniforms or mosquito nets and / or air conditioning in the place of residence.