Thanks to this technology every year health they are more outstanding, and 2018 was no exception, for this reason the specialized portal SuMedico.com collected the most memorable achievements in this matter. Although most of them are associated with the control and treatment of serious diseases such as cancer and HIV, the ability to discover something new is hidden 24 hours a day.
In 2018, the Nobel Prize in Medicine was given to immunologists James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo for discovering how our own cells can eliminate cancer. This innovative therapy is against Cancer is called immunotherapy and consists of inhibiting cancer cells and proteins produced by some immune cells that interfere with the body’s defense against cancer.
The goal of immunotherapy is to allow the immune system itself to act faster to fight the disease.
2. Uterus transplantation of a corpse.
The only uterine transplants that were made are made by a living donor. However, in 2018, the first birth was announced in connection with the uterus of the deceased donor. The baby was born in Brazil and it was the first time that a corpse was successfully transplanted. Previously 10 attempts were made without positive results.
The mother was born without a womb because of a congenital syndrome that prevents her from having children, and the woman who sacrificed the uterus died of a stroke at the age of 45.
3. Elimination of HIV in 6 patients
Researchers at the IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute in Barcelona and the Hospital Gregorio Maran in Madrid made HIV in the blood and tissues of six patients overlooked through stem cell transplantation. Mother cells come from the umbilical cord and the mule.
According to a study published in Annals of Internal Medicine, this transplant made it possible to almost completely eliminate HIV from its body.
4. Cancer Tests
As for cancer, the progress was impressive, as was the development of a test capable of detecting cancer in 10 minutes. Scientists from the University of Queensland have developed a quick universal test that lasts less than 10 minutes and reveals the presence of cancer.
This is a simple test that can detect the presence of malignant cells in any part of the body through a fluid that changes color when cancer cells are detected.
5. Smart patches
The development of smart fixes, known as their ability to control various health problems, was another major health achievement. A patch to lower triglycerides and cholesterol levels was developed by UNAM and works through the transdermal system, which controls the high levels of these fats.
The patient can place it without the need for a specialist, and it can last from 7 to 15 days.
On the other hand, at the University of California, they created a thin and portable blood pressure transducer working under the influence of ultrasound, which is called an ultrasonic patch. This is a small patch with an ultrasound device that converts voltage into current, creating high-frequency sound waves that bounce off a blood vessel, allowing you to track changes in blood pressure.
Another smart patch, developed by the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education, is capable of improving the healing of wounds, minor sunburns and scratches thanks to the anesthetic and anti-inflammatory drug. It is based on Sibyl and has a consistency of at least 8 hours.