“Our results show that it is worthwhile to look for folk and traditional medicines in search of new antibiotics,” said Professor Paul Dyson from the Faculty of Medicine at Swansea University, Wales, United Kingdom. a scientific approach that seeks ancestors for some answers to the problems of modern times.
The fact is that the unknown bacterial strain found in the soils of Ireland was effective against four of the six major antibiotic-resistant superbooks.
A new strain of bacteria, which was named Streptomyces sp. Myroforea was discovered by a team of researchers from Wales, Brazil, Iraq and Northern Ireland. The work was published in Frontiers in Microbiology.
The soil they analyzed originated in the Fermans, Northern Ireland area, which is known as the “Bohemian Highlands”. This is an area of "alkaline" pastures, and it has always been said that it has healing properties.
The search for new antibiotics to combat multiple resistance has prompted researchers to explore new sources, including popular medicines: a field of study known as ethnopharmacology. They are also focused on an environment where you can find well-known manufacturers of antibiotics, such as Streptomyces.
One member of the research team, Jerry Quinn, a former resident of Boho, in the city of Fermana, has known about the healing traditions of the region for many years. Traditionally, a small amount of dirt was wrapped in cotton fabric and used to treat many diseases, such as toothache, throat and neck infections. Interestingly, this area was previously occupied by druids, about 1,500 years ago, and by Neoliths, 4,000 years ago.
“The main findings of the study were that the recently identified Streptomyces strain inhibited the growth of four of the six major multi-resistant pathogens that WHO identified as responsible for infections associated with medical care: vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE)“ Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ( MRSA), Klebsiella pneumonia and Acinetobacter baumanii resistant to the carbenephenem, "experts say.
It is not clear which component of the new strain prevents the growth of pathogenic microorganisms, but the team is already studying this.
Dyson concluded: “Our discovery is an important step forward in the fight against antibiotic resistance, and traditional medicines must be investigated, and scientists, historians and archaeologists can contribute to this task. The answer to this very modern problem may be in the wisdom of the past. "