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Science Issues: Spying on Earth's Nearest Neighbor



“I feel you, Mars, and soon I will know your heart. With this safe fit, I'm here. I'm at home ". These somewhat emotional (and somewhat creepy) words are the first that we heard from the last inhabitant of Mars. After an epic six-month journey of 450 million kilometers, the NASA Mars InSight landing gear successfully overcame the red planet … a fascinating feat of human engineering that is celebrated worldwide. InSight is not just a slice of words. This is also a pretty photographer. Shortly after landing, InSight also highlighted its first glimpses of Mars. At first there was a rather rough image of the surface of the planet, with the camera's protective cover still in place. Later, InSight shared a clear view of the Martian landscape surrounding the landing site. If you haven’t seen the view from Mars yet, do yourself a favor and jump onto the NASA site and see the images that InSight sends back. Unlike their cousins, Mars Rovers, InSight are not meant to move. Instead of spending his time exploring the Martian valleys and mountains or searching for evidence of water, he will remain parked in a flat, empty and rather dull area of ​​the planet, known as Elysium Planitia. Although the location may not be as bright as the areas studied in previous missions on Mars, this is the perfect place for InSight to carry out its own special mission. The first job of InSights, when all its systems are activated and calibrated, is to unpack a bunch of scientific equipment, including an extremely sensitive seismometer – a tool used to measure the movement of the earth. InSight will use this to send information about marsquakes (earthquake version of Mars). Just as earthquakes form the landscape here on Earth, marshals do the same on Mars, helping create iconic mountains and valleys visible across the planet. Researchers want to know how often these markers occur, as well as where and how big they are. Over the next two years, they expect InSight to experience hundreds or thousands of earthquakes that can provide valuable information about the materials from which the planet is made. This will give some idea (pun) about how rocky planets, such as Mars, formed and changed over time. InSight will not just control Mars for earthquakes. He also performs work on deep deepening into the surface of the planet, measuring heat from the inside. The collected data may answer the question of whether the core is still molten or not. Along with this drilling and monitoring monitoring, InSight will also collect all sorts of other data. It will measure wind speed, temperature and atmospheric pressure on the surface of the planet. And, of course, you send home more glorious photos. In one of the early tweets, shortly after arriving on Mars, InSight said: “Quiet beauty reigns here. We look forward to dating my new home. “Many of us have returned to Earth, who are also eagerly awaiting what InSight can find out about our nearest neighbor. Read more Scientific issues: a fresh look at coriander reactions. Chromosome counting is the right balance. Zombie ants are the real deal.

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