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Return to Cienfuegos, a type of dengue that disappeared four decades ago



According to local media, the spread in Cienfuegos of the “dengue serotype”, which has not been reported outbreaks since 1977, has caused emergency epidemiological emergency measures in the province September 5The authorities warn that this variety, in particular type I, "may lead to death" of the patient.

“A new wave of dengue epidemics appeared with signs of anxiety and clinical consequences, and, fortunately, there has been no regret about death so far,” said the provincial health director Salvador Tamayo Muñiz at a meeting of the territorial authorities to analyze the situation. In addition, he added that prior to this scenario it is required to reduce the transfer by no more than fifteen days. "To achieve this goal, it is necessary to isolate cases at authorized centers and eliminate the mosquito Aedes aegypti, agent dengue transmitter, ”he said.

A local newspaper asks Sienfugeros to go to various health services if they see any symptoms, such as fever, vomiting, headaches and abdominal pain, bleeding or any other signs of anxiety.

A local newspaper asks Cienfuegos to understand the seriousness of this issue and to contact various health services if they see any symptoms, such as fever, vomiting, headaches and abdominal pain, bleeding or any other warning signal, in order to get a diagnosis and timely treatment.

Lydia Esther Brunet Nodarse, a member of the Central Committee and the first secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba (PAC) in the province, stressed the importance of monitoring from homes. “He must act with great demand,” he said.

For his part, the president of the provincial meeting of people's power, Mayrelis Pernía Cordero, warned about the need to inform families about when their homes or open areas would be fumigated.

Dengue is an infectious disease caused by a virus from which four serotypes are recognized (1, 2, 3, 4) transmitted by mosquitoes of the genus Aedes aegyptiAccording to researcher Jorge Arias, in Cuba they found “four serotypes responsible for the disease.”

The last cases of serotype 1, preceding the current outbreak, were discovered in 1977 in Santiago de Cuba, and the number of infected on the island was 553,138 people. These patients were part of an epidemic that affected several Central American Caribbean countries and part of South America belonging to the Caribbean.

Another major epidemic in Cuba occurred in 1981, with 344,203 cases of dengue fever, of which 10,312 caused dengue hemorrhagic fever (the most dangerous option) and caused 158 deaths.

The last cases of serotype 1, preceding the current outbreak, were detected in Santiago de Cuba in 1977, and the number of infected on the island was 553,138

In recent weeks, and after a rainy season with very heavy rainfall, authorities doubled inspections to detect foci and fumigation in several parts of the country, especially in the most densely populated cities.

In Havana, the bodies of inspectors associated with the Ministry of Public Welcoming and fumigant brigades have increased their presence. In municipalities such as Centro Habana, Cerro and San Miguel del Padrón, home visits are accompanied by doctors and nurses to confirm that they are being conducted.

During this summer, several provinces in the center of the country reported having dengue haemorrhagic fever. In 2017, according to the data of the Ministry of Health, cases on the island decreased by 68% compared with the previous year.

Last year, dengue was present in two municipalities and 11 health areas in Holguin and Ciego de Avila provinces, and other diseases transmitted by Aedes aegypti, such as Zika, were located in 38 Havana, Mayabeka, Villa Clara, Sancti Spiritus, Ciego de Avila, Camaguey, Las Tunas and Holguin.

According to the World Health Organization, all dengue serotypes have affected America. In a number of Latin American countries, they circulate simultaneously, creating a serious risk of epidemics.

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