In the field of astronomy, men often dominate. However, Nancy Grace Roman has changed that. The novel is the first head of astronomy at the NASA Space Science Office, the US National Space Agency.
Roman supervised the development of several space astronomical programs, space probes and telescopes. She participated in the launch of three orbital solar observatories that used gamma and X-ray radiation to study the sun from near-earth orbit.
“I traveled throughout the US state to talk with astronomers, and what they wanted for generations was to make the telescope rise above the atmosphere,” she says.
One of them is the Hubble Space Telescope. The novel is widely regarded as the "Hubble Mother." It was launched into orbit in April 1990. The telescope provided astronomers with hundreds of thousands of images. It also helped to determine the existence of dark energy and the age of the universe, as well as other scientific issues. He remains one of NASA's most successful and enduring missions.
“I have never had a telescope,” says Roman, but she attributes to her the success of luck, determination and the support of her parents.
“My parents inspired and stimulated my curiosity. My father was a scientist and answered my scientific questions, ”she says. My mother will take me on walks and point out birds, plants, and also share with me the constellation of the stars. ”
Roman's interest in astronomy grew. During his school years, Roman read as many astronomy books as possible in the Baltimore library.
“I never wanted to just look at the sky. I wanted to know what the stars are, how they behaved and how astronomy was in general, ”says Roman.
The novel was not discouraged by teachers who suggested that it had no place in astronomy or physics. Roman graduated from Suartmore College in 1946. He holds a bachelor's degree in astronomy and received a doctorate in law in the same field in 1949 from the University of Chicago.
After receiving his doctoral degree, Roman taught at the University of Chicago as an assistant professor. She was the first such woman in the faculty.
“I haven’t spent a long time, because I had very little chance of remaining a woman at a research institute in astronomy,” says Roman.
Then Roman entered the radio astronomy program at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington. When NASA was formed in 1958, Roman applied for work there.
Nancy Grace Roman retired in 1979. She says that, despite the problems she faced in her own career, she is proud to play a role in advancing modern astronomy.