New cases leprosy in Argentina, what seemed to be eradicated by the disease is once again disturbing society. From the provincial health ministry missions They warned that in 2018 about 36 people were injured.
Of the total number of infected, only 26 patients reached a medical discharge after completion of treatment, health authorities in the province reported.
What is it about?
This is a chronic infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae (or "Hansen's bacteria"), which can last for a very long incubation period of up to 10 years, depending on the immunity of each patient. In addition, it preferably affects the skin and peripheral nerves, as well as certain internal organs.
How is the contract?
It should be borne in mind that not all people are prone to this chronic infection, since in many cases protection against bacteria develops in the body.
This means that most defenseless people are at greater risk of becoming ill by “direct and prolonged contact” with undiagnosed patients or those who do not receive treatment, they warned from the Misiones portfolio.
What is the treatment of leprosy?
Dr. Juan Rusinol (MN 74521), a member of the dermatological service of the German Hospital, explained that the treatment is outpatient and consists of a combination of various antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs orally and for a period of 6 to 12 months, depending on the type of leprosy that occurs. The disease is curable if the treatment is fully respected.
The key is early consultation before the clinical sign of early diagnosis, appropriate treatment of the patient and control of his family. Prevention consists in the early diagnosis and treatment and control of people who live in the same house. According to TN published today, a treated patient can develop their life normally.
What is the situation in Argentina regarding this disease?
Although in the country we have achieved the goal of elimination, defined by the World Health Organization (WHO), with a lower rate of 1 per 10 thousand inhabitants, in recent years there have still been cases of this disease. Here, the infection is characterized by its moderate endemicity and focus in certain geographic areas, such as the provinces of NEA, PLA and the center of the country, although they are believed to be associated with internal migration, and sometimes with bordering countries, such as Bolivia and Paraguay.