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How to detect leprosy and what measures to take to prevent it after 36 confirmed cases in Misiones

Perhaps for many his name “sounds” like a disease of the past, completely eradicated. But it is not, New cases have been discovered in Argentina. it chronic infectious disease produced by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae (or "Hansen bacillus"). You may have an incubation period. a very long time (up to 10 years) depending on the patient's immunity. This preferably affects leather and peripheral nerves, and can also affect certain internal organs.

Of Misiones Ministry of Health told local media that during 2018 they were discovered 36 cases of leprosy, According to health authorities, of the total number of infected 26 patients reached a medical discharge after completion of treatment.

How does it spread?

Not all are susceptible to this disease. Under normal conditions, the body develops natural "barriers" against bacteria. However, there is people with little protection who are at higher risk of infectiondirect and long contact“With patients not diagnosed or not receiving treatment. For this reason, the diagnosis and control of the patient before his discharge from the hospital is very important, as well as the control of their cohabitants, noted in the health portfolio.

To prevent this, it is recommended look for spots on the skin and immediately consult a doctor, experts emphasize that this is a “slow disease”, because which consultation is key.

What is the treatment of leprosy?

Dr. Juan Rusinol (MN 74521), a member of the dermatological service of the German hospital, explained that the treatment outpatient and consists of a combination of various antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs orally and for a period of 6 to 12 monthsdepending on the type of leprosy. The disease is curable if the treatment is fully respected.

The key is early consultation before the clinical sign of early diagnosis, appropriate treatment of the patient and control of his family. prophylaxis It consists of diagnosing and early treatment and control of people who live in the same house. The patient can normally develop their lives.

Country situation

Although Argentina has achieved the goal of eliminating, World Health Organization (WHO) lower 1 for every 10 thousand inhabitantsIn recent years, there are still cases of this disease, as explained in this article. In our country, leprosy is characterized by moderate endemicity and focuses on certain geographic areas, such as the provinces of NEA, the PLA and the center of the country, although they are thought to be related to internal migration and sometimes to neighboring countries, such as Bolivia and Paraguay.

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