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During 2018, 36 cases of leprosy were found in Misiones.

During 2018, 36 cases of leprosy were found in Misiones.

This has been confirmed by the regional ministry of health. What it is and how this disease is prevented.

The Ministry of Health in Misiones confirmed this week that during 2018 there were 36 cases of leprosy in the province, which is an expected indicator for an endemic region. This chronic infectious disease has been known to affect one out of every 10,000 inhabitants two decades ago, and is known for its consequences, but it has a much smaller number and can be successfully treated.

“Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium Leprae or Hansen bacillus, which discovered this bacillus in the 19th century. Treated with antibiotics and treated. Since 1985, Argentina has adopted a World Health Organization (WHO) scheme with three simultaneous drugs with a high degree of effectiveness, ”explained dermatologist Raul Valdez in a dialogue with PERFIL.

The specialist added that “up to 20 years ago, leprosy in the country was a public health problem, because for every 10,000 inhabitants there was one patient, but in 1983 Argentina’s leprosy law, which determines mandatory and free treatment in the country, was changed. place of compulsory admission, which is no longer necessary.

Characteristics of leprosy:

– It mainly affects the skin and peripheral nerves

-It is curable

– It usually appears as a stain without sensitivity to cold, heat and / or pain

Disease transmission occurs through direct and prolonged contact.

The region where the greatest number of endemics is noted is located in the provinces of the north and northeast of the country: Misiones, Chaco, Formosa, Corrientes.

-It usually appears as a stain without sensitivity to cold, heat and pain.

– It usually appears as a stain without sensitivity to cold, heat and / or pain.

In this context, a specialist at the Australian University Hospital described in detail how the concept of the disease has changed in recent years: "Dr. Louis Maria Balinha, a leprologist, proposed a change in the law in 1983, which states that “Hospitalization” because it is more effective to give an antibiotic than to limit a person, and this is where the history of leprosy changes. ”

“Since 1985, a very important decline has been observed in Argentina. In 2016, there were only 300 confirmed cases of leprosy throughout the country, "he added.

“Treatment against leprosy is effective and efficient,” says Dr. Raul Valdez.

“Today, the diagnosis becomes easy: during a clinical examination, a biopsy is taken, bacteriological examination is carried out, and on this day the patient begins treatment. The important thing is that it is very effective and efficient, two weeks after receiving it, the patient ceases to be infectious, and this gives peace to the family group, ”explained the specialist.

The specialist illustrated the stages of the disease:

-Incubación. If the patient comes and I suspect leprosy, the diagnosis can be made after 24 hours. Despite this, this person could incubate the disease for 1 or 2 years without knowing it.

All the symptoms. The best ally of the doctor is pain, because if you are offended, contact a professional. Leprosy affects not only the skin, but also the peripheral nervous system, the patient does not feel. When you burn or have a nail in your shoes, you do not feel this, and this is what affects when a part of the body is asleep or slick. The reason for the consultation is "I do not feel."

-Contagio. Infection occurs from person to person and with close ties, that is, with relatives. We say, cohabitants, people who live under the same roof and have housing contacts, this is our risk group. Infection occurs mainly through the mouth, nose, before it was thought that it had to touch the skin, but it was proved that it was not. Intimate and long lasting contact is required.

-Follow. The effectiveness of leprosy treatment is 95%, which is very high in medicine. We give the patient with leprosy two years of pharmacological discharge, that is, he does not take more drugs, and for five years he observes that he has not relapsed. In other words, a partial discharge is given.

Lepericarium “In 1929, when Pedro Balinha (father of Louis), a dermatologist and leprologist, proposed a law on compulsory hospitalization, leprosy clinics were created in Argentina. One was San Francisco de Cegnard (Cordoba), and the other was Baldomero Sommer (Buenos Aires), which currently functions as a general hospital, ”recalled Valdés.

“There were many leprosariums reacting to this law, which responded in turn, at a time when there were no antibiotics. The only way out of society was to isolate infectious patients, the same thing happened with those who had tuberculosis. They isolated them, "the expert added.

“In 1983, when Luis Baline managed to change the law, it was found that every patient with leprosy receives free compulsory treatment from the state, rather than compulsory hospitalization, since it is more effective to give antibiotics to the person who contracted it. More effective and less costly leprosariums were closed as such and opened up as health centers, ”he concluded.

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