What does it mean to have polyps in the colon? One of the most frequent questions that arise when polyps appear is to know whether they are serious or not. Therefore, it is important to know that this pathology is a benign tumor with a diameter of 0.5 cm and a variable shape, which can be located in different places of the digestive tract, although they are more common in the large intestine.
There are many types of polyps, the most common of which are hyperplastic and adenoma. The first type is characterized by the absence of the risk of developing cancer, and the second is more likely to develop in colon cancer.
Although these two types are most common, there is a wide variety of polyps, so you should pay attention to their size, since those that are more than two centimeters in diameter may represent areas with advanced cancer or develop.
With regard to its appearance, then anyone can have them, more common in adults over 50 years. However, certain situations increase the likelihood of suffering from them, such as those who have had polyps in previous cases, if they had a family member, or if they had a history of colon cancer. The appearance of polyps increases with age, and the causes that cause them are not precisely known, although it is suspected that they have a hereditary component or that they are formed as a result of the consumption of a diet rich in fats and fiber.
In most cases, colon polyps have no symptoms, except for cases with significant sizes that can bleed. That is why, knowing that they are asymptomatic, it forces us to conduct periodic tests to detect them in time.
Video colonoscopy is shown from the age of 50 in all asymptomatic patients, from the age of 40 if there is a family history of colon cancer (parents, mother, grandmother and grandfather), and at any age, if the patient has symptoms associated with pathology.
Diagnostic method useful for the patient
Currently, colon cancer is one of the most common in both men and women. This method, video colonoscopy, is considered the best way to prevent this disease in time, because it detects it in its early stages of development, that is, when it is still in the polyp stage.
Colonoscopy is the most accurate way to detect polyps and, if necessary, they must be removed during the same procedure, completing the analysis during the examination using the pathology service. Early detection of polyps is the importance of considering colonoscopy as a routine examination. The health care professional will indicate the time at which the study should be repeated in accordance with each specific case and taking into account certain variables, such as the number of polyps extracted, size and histological type.
It is important to note that anesthesia has made a fundamental contribution to the implementation of video colonoscopy, since it eliminates the patient's discomfort associated with the procedure and provides the study as a whole.
The Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy Service Sanatorio Allende installed new towers for digestive endoscopy video in both places: Olympus 190 EVIS EXERA III. This equipment, which is the first of these characteristics in the province of Cordoba, in addition to the endoscopic experts for managing this type of latest generation endoscope, allows us to position ourselves in the same technological conditions as the first world.
The endoscopic tower offers many advantages for both patients and their specialists. His HD imaging system and pre-freezing of the figures allow early detection of small polyps in the colon.
These characteristics, added to the stiffness control, allow the patient to reduce discomfort after conducting the study, which makes this practice an outpatient, routine, and with a low percentage of complications. That is, since the introduction of the endoscope, a professional can handle it in a simple and flexible way, avoiding obstacles on the part of the organ. Thus, it is possible not only to cross areas of the insuperable colon for conventional endoscopes, but also to assure the endoscopist that the procedure was successfully carried out through a complete examination of the colon.
Technological advances allow us to have modern endoscopes that provide high resolution images and which, used by experienced endoscopists and trained in their use, provide a percentage of sensitivity and efficiency close to 100 percent.