Today I first read the phrase “super bloody moon wolf” and would like me to never log in.
They are called lunar eclipses. Do not call them "bloody moons." Also do not call them "super bloody moons." And “super bloody moonwolf” is not a thing, so never say this phrase. Just call them lunar eclipses. You are welcome.
Let's start with the facts. On the night of January 20-21, a lunar eclipse will occur. Lunar eclipses occur when the moon enters the Earth’s shadow. They do not happen every time the full moon sets in, because the moon’s orbit is inclined relative to the ecliptic plane, the path that the earth moves around the sun, or the path that the sun moves across the sky. Eclipses occur only when the moon is full or new, when it crosses the ecliptic.
A year may have two or more lunar eclipses; after January, a partial lunar eclipse will occur on July 16th. The last was in July of this year.
But scientists and astronomers do not call these common events the bloody moons, at least not seriously. Obviously, the folklore name comes from the red color of the moon during lunar eclipses caused by the atmosphere of the Earth, scattering blue light. But his swift use seems to be related to the Christian theorists of the end of the world, Mark Blitz and John Hagee, who used this term in their book Four Blood Moons in 2013. Google Trends seems to confirm this. In most cases, people who call lunar eclipses "bloody moons" sound to me like the doomsday theorists.
The moon also has an elliptical orbit around the earth. At its closest point, or perigee, is about 357,274 km. At its farthest point, or apogee, is about 407 164 km. Sometimes the full moon coincides with the perigee and looks a little more than usual. Full or new moon, which occurs within 90 percent of the perigee of the moon, has received the nickname "supermoon". So, the lunar eclipse during one of these regular events ended with the terrible nickname "super blood moon."
Tons of other folk names have been given to a different full moon. The blue moons are the third full moon of the season with four, but some mistakenly call the second full moon of the month the blue moon. As a rule, you see various other names of the full moon, developed by the old almanacs called the "Native American Names of the Moon". This pseudonym erases the fact that individual tribes had their own moon names, different from those used in popular folklore. The old farm almanac says that the Algonquin tribes call the first moon of the month the "wolf moon", although a quick search shows that this is probably not true.
I feel that someone will tell me that these eclipse pseudonyms are all fun, or they are good for scientific communication and will make more people appreciate the eclipse. I disagree and will not advocate the normalization of pseudoscience.
In good weather, the eclipse will be great, and I urge you to look at the moon that night, as well as tonight and all other nights. But the “super bloody wolf moon” is a name that somehow unites the sensation, the doomsday plots and spoiled the culture of Native Americans in one unscientific name. It's great if you're a fan of sensational tabloids. But if you are trying to sound sensible, just call it a “lunar eclipse.”