According to a new study, e-cigarettes have helped quit smoking more people than traditional nicotine replacement therapy, but couples are not a wonderful cure for nicotine addiction. Most smokers who tried vaping still smoked cigarettes by the end of the test, and most vapers who made I managed to quit smoking, continued the vape a year later.
A new study published Wednesday in New England Medical Journalreports that 18 percent of smokers who switched to e-cigarettes threw cigarettes a year later. This is more than 9.9 percent of people who quit smoking using conventional smoking cessation products, such as plaster, chewing gum, lozenges or inhalers. The results add weight to the claims that e-cigarettes can help some people quit smoking, but we still don’t know much about the long-term health effects of e-cigarettes or how to prevent millions of teenagers from using them.
Companies that produce electronic cigarettes, positioning themselves as a less risky alternative for people who want to quit smoking. But being less risky than cigarettes is a low level, according to the CDC: "Burnt cigarettes are extremely dangerous, they kill half of all people who smoke for a long time." And the jury found out if e-cigarettes can help people stop smoking, vote reports: several rigorous tests compared vaping with other smoking cessation agents such as band-aids or chewing gum.
“This kind of research, a systematic, well-executed, randomized controlled trial, was what was missing from a decade of discussion about the potential benefits and harms of electronic cigarettes,” Gideon St. Helen, a tobacco researcher at the University of California, San Francisco, who did not accept participation in the study says in an email Verge ofThere are more serious warnings: for example, research participants knew if they use e-cigarettes or, say, patches – and this knowledge could distort the results if they thought that one strategy is better than another. In addition, the study does not evaluate the more popular types of electronic cigarettes, such as Juul. Nevertheless, St. Helena says: "The conclusions are really important and, perhaps, they change the game."
The researchers led by Peter Hayek, a professor of clinical psychology at the Institute of Preventive Medicine. Wolfson, found 866 people who wanted to quit smoking, and still, how. During the first month, they all held weekly individual meetings with the clinician. Half also received their favorite nicotine replacement drugs, and half received a starter kit for a reusable vape, including a bottle of Royale tobacco-flavored juice. Participants can change the device or fluid if they want.
Researchers periodically checked study participants, evaluating things like their sleep, whether they felt nauseous, whether their throat or mouth ached, and how much sputum they were coughing. The big question was whether participants could not smoke for a year. The researchers checked by measuring the carbon monoxide exhaled by research participants – a marker for smoking cigarettes. A year later, 18 percent of e-cigarette users quit smoking, as did 10 percent of the nicotine replacement group. E-cigarette users liked their vapes more than the other group liked their nicotine replacement therapy, and they had less severe withdrawal symptoms.
Here's the catch: of the people who kicked combustible cigarettes, 80 percent of the people in the vaping group still used electronic cigarettes a year later. This is a huge proportion compared to only 9 percent of people who were still using traditional nicotine replacement therapy at the time. Thus, while vaping facilitated the process of quitting cigarettes, in general, he did little to help with quitting nicotine. In addition, the study did not use types of capsule-based e-cigarettes, such as Juuls, which dominate the market. There is still no science, but given the convenience, the high dose of nicotine and the composition of nicotine salts, it is possible that couples based on the pod may be even harder to quit than the reusable ones used in the study.
The long-term effects of vaping on health will be especially important to find out if switching to electronic cigarettes signals the beginning of a long-term habit. We know that in electronic liquids, for example, when they are sitting on a shelf, unpleasant chemicals can form, and vapers have signs of exposure to carcinogens and irritants. In addition, the science of the effects of nicotine on health myself still unclear: some studies suggest that it can be dangerous for people with heart problems. And it is addictive — which can make people feel controlled by their cravings or unpleasant withdrawal symptoms.
Saint Helena says the question is now? Yes, research adds weight to what vapers have long been saying: e-cigarettes can be useful tools to help stop smoking. But it is impossible to look at the results in a vacuum: there are 3.6 million High-school and high-school students using e-cigarettes have announced an epidemic by the US surgeon general. “This risk remains, but will it be prioritized, even if this well-executed study shows that e-cigarettes can help adult smokers quit smoking?” Says St. Helen. The answer most likely depends on regulators and the e-cigarette industry: if they can prevent young people from recording in record quantities, then perhaps.